Understanding Nationalism

Go Back to Main Page

News Feeds

Access daily news feeds from sources including the Globe and Mail, CBC, Statistics Canada, Canadian Business, the Government of Canada and the Government of Alberta

Click here to visit the News Feeds

Template Library

Modifiable electronic files for templates and graphic organizers used in the student resource activities as well as those specific to the development of skills outcomes

Related Issue 1
Related Issue 2
Related Issue 3
Related Issue 4

Visuals Library

Utilize images and illustrations from the Understanding Nationalism student resource in reports and presentations

Click here to visit the Visuals Library

Web Connections

Annotated Links, selected with accessibility in mind, to all Web Connections features in the student resource as well as additional sites identified throughout course implementation

My Journal on Nationalism

Modifiable journal templates for each chapter that reflect the topic of each “My Journal on Nationalism” feature. NEW!

Web Links

Additional Links

What is nationalism?
The Nationalism Project website describes four major debates on nationalism and nation states. The site offers quotations from important scholars of nationalism, and links to other readings and resources.
( http://www.nationalismproject.org/what.htm )
Page 29

Tibetan Government in Exile' s Official Website
The Office of Tibet, an agency of the Dalai Lama, provides information on the history, religion, culture and institutions of Tibet and its émigré population in India. It has a news service for current events.
( http://www.tibet.com/ )
Additional Links

Civic nationalism & Ethnic Nationalism
This page compares Michael Ignatieff's definitions of civic nationalism and ethnic nationalism.
( https://www.msu.edu/user/hillrr/161lec16.htm )
Page 32

Fundamental Freedoms
This multilingual, multimedia site presents an overview of the Charter of Rights and its place in Canadian constitutional history. Canadian legal experts discuss the Charter's impact on Canadian rights and freedoms, and the site links to other Constitution resources.
( http://www.charterofrights.ca/en/02_00_01 )
Additional Links

On the making of the Vimy myth
Journalist Michael Valpy explains how the Battle of Vimy Ridge became one of the myths that help define the Canadian nation.
( http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/RTGAM.20070409.wvalpyqa0409/BNStory/Front/ho... )

Web Links

Page 44

Liberty, Equality, Fraternity
This website contains 12 essays on the French Revolution, including a discussion of the social causes, the Napoleonic era and legacies of the Revolution. The site also provides contemporary images and documents, maps and a timeline.
( http://chnm.gmu.edu/revolution/chap1a.html )
Additional Links

Seven Years' War
The Canadian Encyclopedia's description of the Seven Years' War contains a timeline of events, a map and several images of the conflict.
( http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=J1ARTJ0007300 )
Additional Links

The Seven Years War in Canada
This page from The Québec History Encyclopedia presents a history of the Seven Years' War from the French perspective. In Québec , the conflict is known as The War of Conquest.
( http://faculty.marianopolis.edu/c.belanger/QuebecHistory/encyclopedia/SevenYearsWar-Frenc... )
Additional Links

Declaration of the Rights of Man – 1789
Text of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, 1789.
( http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/rightsof.htm )
Additional Links

North African Immigrants in France
North African immigration to France over time, and the social and economic challenges immigrants faced in their new home country are described in this article.
( http://www.gmu.edu/academic/ijps/vol2_2/seljuq.htm )
Additional Links

Building the Canadian Pacific Railway
This site describes construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway, and the determination of Canada's political leaders to unite the country through a national rail link in heroic terms.
( http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/customcode/Media.cfm?CFID=70816&CFTOKEN=28 512484... )
Additional Links

Nunavut' 99
This celebration of the creation of Nunavut in 1999 examines the Inuit struggle for self-determination, Nunavut government and culture, and challenges for the future.
( http://www.nunavut.com/nunavut99/english/index.html )
Additional Links

The "British" Character of Canada
This writer argues that the roots of many of Canada's traditions and institutions are British, and that Canadians should not neglect this part of their heritage.
( http://www.monarchist.ca/mc/britchar.htm )

Web Links

Additional Links

Official website of the Katimavik youth volunteer program which helps young people learn more about Canada through work in its various communities.
( http://www.katimavik.org/section/index/id/1 )
Additional Links

Project Naming
The Project Naming website contains over 4,000 digitized photographs to help identify Inuit people, a history of the Project, an introduction to the Inuktitut language, and suggestions for further research.
( http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/inuit/index-e.html )
Page 71

This Heritage Canada website explains Canadian federal multicultural policy and programming. It contains extensive links to multicultural groups in Canada, including many non-governmental organizations.
( http://www.pch.gc.ca/progs/multi/index_e.cfm )
Page 71

The Global Gathering Place
This interactive website explores the history of diversity in Canada. It presents a view of immigration from the perspective of different ethnic groups who came to call Canada home.
( http://www.mhso.ca/ggp/home.html )
Additional Links

The Somme, 1916
In the Somme offensive of World War I, the Newfoundland Regiment's role was to advance along a line just below the village of Beaumont-Hamel. This site describes the battle, and the devastation of the Regiment.
( http://www.heritage.nf.ca/greatwar/articles/somme.html )

Web Links

Additional Links

The Winnipeg General Strike
This page from the Canada — A People's History site, outlines the causes of the Winnipeg General Strike and the reaction from the federal government.
( http://history.cbc.ca/history/?MIval=EpisContent.html&series_id=1&episode_id=12&chapter_i... )
Additional Links

The Atlantic Accord dispute
Alberta's dispute with the federal government in the 1970s reemerged in 2007 with disagreement between Ottawa and the East Coast provinces over how to treat off-shore oil revenues. This news report outlines the main issues in the dialog between federal and provincial governments.
( http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/20070611/accord_primer_070611/2007061... )
Page 94

The Pembina Institute monitors environmental challenges arising from oil sands development. Its site discusses sustainable development from the point of view of the oil industry, First Nations, and environmentalists.
( http://www.oilsandswatch.org/videos/osf )
Additional Links

The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture
The "Little Rock Nine" entry from the Encyclopedia provides a history of the standoff at Little Rock Central High School, as well as biographies of the participants, including Minnijean Brown Trickery.
( http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?search=1&entryID=723 )
Additional Links

Mennonites in Manitoba
This article describes the experience of Mennonite immigrants to Canada who were promised religious freedom in the new world, only to have their political rights taken away in 1917 due to their pacifist beliefs.
( http://canadianhistory.suite101.com/article.cfm/mennonites_in_manitoba )
Additional Links

Amnesty International Canada
The Canadian Amnesty International site explains how the Maher Arar case highlights the need to balance international human rights standards and religious freedom with efforts to ensure national security.
( http://www.amnesty.ca/human_rights_issues/maher_arar_overview.php )

Web Links

Additional Links

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk defined his country's interests as national liberation, self-determination and western style reform. This short biography outlines Atatürk's achievements.
( http://www.turkish-embassy.org.kw/ataturkpage.htm )
Page 115

Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami
The official Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami website describes the organization's mandate, current issues for the Inuit in Canada, and Tapiriit Kanatami's action plan for development of the region.
( http://www.itk.ca/ )
Page 115

Mapping out Arctic sovereignty
Canadian researchers are using sea floor mapping to prove that the Lomonosov Ridge is an extension of the North American continent. This evidence will support Canada's submission to the UN claiming sovereignty over Arctic territories.
( http://www.canada.com/edmontonjournal/news/story.html?id=1afa8be7-2055-49fc-ad7e-be54649e... )
Additional Links

The Treaty of Versailles
This page puts the Paris Peace Conference treaties in context, and assesses the terms of peace and their consequences.
( http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/treaty_of_versailles.htm )
Additional Links

The foundation of Iraq
Historian Derek Hopwood describes the division of Middle East territory into British and French mandates at the end of WW1, and Arab resentment over this imposition of colonial rule.
( http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/recent/iraq/britain_iraq_03.shtml )
Page 125

An Afghan odyssey
Corporal Brian Saunders is an armoured ambulance driver in Canada's armed forces. His diary describes military operations, and his own experience of combat in Afghanistan.
( http://www.cbc.ca/news/viewpoint/vp_sanders/20060901.html )
Page 125

Canada's Engagement in Afghanistan
This government of Canada website recounts Canada's role, priorities, and progress in the Afghan engagement. It includes soldiers' stories from the field.
( http://www.canadainternational.gc.ca/canada-afghanistan/stories-reportages/index.aspx?men... )
Page 115

Interview with Donald McRae
This prominent legal expert on Arctic issues discusses Canada's claims to sovereignty in the Artic.
( http://geo.international.gc.ca/cip-pic/arctic/donald_mcrae-en.aspx )

Web Links

Additional Links

Red Files
PBS explores the nature of Soviet propaganda through these essays, photographs, and personal accounts.
( http://www.pbs.org/redfiles/prop/ )
Additional Links

Soviet Ukraine
The Encyclopedia Britannica explains collectivization as part of Stalin's plan for industrialization of the Soviet Union, and describes the horrific consequences of the agrarian program on the people of Soviet Ukraine.
( http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/612921/Ukraine/30078/Soviet-Ukraine#tab=active~... )
Additional Links

Weimar Republic and the Great
This webpage considers the impact of the Great Depression on Weimar Germany, and argues that economic hardship resulted in popular support for Hitler's election as Chancellor of Germany in 1933.
( http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/weimar_depression_1929.htm )
Page 139

Anti Jewish Legislation in Pre-War Germany
The US Holocaust Memorial Museum examines the anti-Semitic roots of Nazi ideology, and legislation such as the Nuremberg Laws which worked to segregate Jews from mainstream German society.
( http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005681 )
Additional Links

Japan's Quest for Power and World War II in Asia
This site looks at economic, political and ideological factors that led to Japan's entry into WW II.
( http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/japan/japanworkbook/modernhist/wwii.html )
Page 148

Canadian Contribution to UN Peacekeeping
This UN Canada Association booklet tells the story of Canada's role in formation of the UN peacekeeping force in 1956, and Canada's involvement in subsequent operations.
( http://www.unac.org/en/link_learn/monitoring/pkbooklet_e.pdf )
Additional Links

WWII & Internment
The Japanese Canadian Legacy Project looks at the internment of people of Japanese descent in hastily-built camps scattered across Canada during the Second World War.
( http://www.sedai.ca/news/internment/ )

Web Links

Additional Links

Nanking Massacre 1937
The Nanking Massacre memorial site contains this eyewitness news item filed by a New York Times reporter in 1937.
( http://prion.bchs.uh.edu/~zzhang/1/Nanking_Massacre/report.html )
Additional Links

The Armenian Genocide
This Armenian educational website provides a detailed timeline of Turkish attacks on the Armenian people, photos, interviews with survivors, as well as archival audio resources.
( http://www.theforgotten.org/intro.html )
Additional Links

The Ukraine Famine
A short multimedia presentation on the famine of 1930s in Ukraine, this site offers extensive links for further study.
( http://www.historywiz.com/ukrainefamine.htm )
Additional Links

Holocaust: A Tragic Legacy
This student-developed site summarizes the history of the Holocaust, and provides tools such as an interactive timeline, a glossary of terms, and an interactive forum for discussion of the Nuremburg Trials and gold seized by the Nazis that was deposited in Swiss banks.
( http://library.thinkquest.org/12663/ )
Page 164

Canada and the International Criminal Court
Canada's Foreign Affairs website looks at our role in the establishment of the ICC, at the International Criminal Court's history, structure, mandate, and current issues.
( http://www.international.gc.ca/foreign_policy/icc/menu-en.asp )
Page 166

International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia
The ICTY site describes the establishment of the tribunal and provides updates on the latest cases and tribunal judgments.
( http://www.un.org/icty/ )
Additional Links

International Responsibility
This page from a Human Rights Watch report examines the failure of the international community to protect Rwandan civilians from genocide.
( http://www.hrw.org/reports/1999/rwanda/Geno1-3-05.htm#P106_44662 )

Web Links

Additional Links

President Woodrow Wilson's 14 Points (1918)
This page contains background information and the original text of Woodrow Wilson's 14 Points.
( http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=62 )
Additional Links

Kosovo to Kashmir: the self-determination dilemma
Sumantra Bose argues that the international community rarely supports self-determination movements because their activity can destabilize international systems.
( http://www.opendemocracy.net/article/kosovo-to-kashmir-autonomy-secession-and-democracy )
Page 182

This page contains several articles on the Kashmir struggle for self-determination, and links to news organizations and rights groups that monitor human rights abuses.
( http://www.frontiernet.net/~rihana/Pages/Main.html )
Additional Links

Tibet Online
Tibet Online publicizes the plight of Tibetans under Chinese rule, and serves as a virtual community in support of the Tibetan people's right of self-determination.
( http://www.tibet.org/ )
Page 193

Canadian Council for Refugees
The Canadian Council for Refugees is an umbrella organization that advocates on behalf of refugees in Canada and around the world. Its website describes current issues and the group's activities, and its media room provides up-to-date news on the global refugee situation.
( http://www.ccrweb.ca/eng/engfront/frontpage.htm )
Additional Links

Métis National Council
The Métis National Council works to keep its community and others informed of developments leading towards self-government for the Métis people.
( http://www.metisnation.ca/ )

Web Links

Additional Links

The Right to be Human
A biographical sketch of Abraham Maslow that describes his work with the Siksika (Blackfoot) people of Alberta in the 1930s.
( http://archives.econ.utah.edu/archives/a-list/2003w09/msg00207.htm )
Additional Links

Nunavut '99
This story of the Inuit land claim settlement and work towards self government was distributed in 1999 to celebrate the creation of Nunavut.
( http://www.nunavut.com/nunavut99/english/ )
Additional Links

The ReliefWeb site provides information to the humanitarian relief community, such as news on man-made and natural emergencies. The site also tracks financial assistance offered by country. Students can check Canada’s aid commitment.
( http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/dbc.nsf/doc100?OpenForm )
Additional Links

acid rain . . . and the facts
Environment Canada examines the problem of acid rain in Canada and reports on progress Canada and the US have made in reducing harmful emissions.
( http://www.ec.gc.ca/acidrain/acidfact.html )
Additional Links

About WHO
Official website of the World Health Organization.
( http://www.who.int/mdg/en/ )
Additional Links

Youth Corner
This section of the UN website aims at helping students understand the UN Millennium Development Goals, the progress countries are making in the fight to end poverty, and how students can contribute to the campaign.
( http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/youth.shtml )
Page 216

Arctic Council
The Arctic Council site contains the organization’s founding documents, current membership, Arctic news and maps, and information on the Council’s six environmental work groups.
( http://www.arctic-council.org/ )

Web Links

Page 225

Council of Canadians
A broad-based citizen's coalition, the Council of Canadians was formed in 1985 to protect Canada’s political and economic sovereignty. The Council publicizes issues that are important to Canadians, such as the proposed security partnership with the US and Mexico, access to water resources, energy and other environmental issues.
( http://www.canadians.org/ )
Additional Links

UN Peacekeeping
This UN site describes the UN peacekeeping organization and goals, as well as current activity in countries round the world.
( http://www.un.org/Depts/dpko/dpko/ )
Page 231

Law of the Sea — The Exclusive Economic Zone
This Museum of Civilization exhibit ends in the 1990’s, but offers a comprehensive view of how the Law of the Sea evolved, and how it affects Canada’s interests.
( http://www.civilization.ca/cmc/exhibitions/hist/lifelines/apple2e.shtml )
Additional Links

Strengthening Aid Effectiveness
CIDA is Canada's chief agency for the delivery of humanitarian aid. The website has information on current CIDA programs and issues, including this discussion of Canada’s policy on tied aid.
( http://www.acdi-cida.gc.ca/aideffectiveness#53 )
Additional Links

The Treaty
The International Campaign to Ban Land Mines site contains a description of the Ottawa Convention.
( http://www.icbl.org/treaty )
Additional Links

The IDRC – A Brief History
This brief history of the International Development Research Centre recounts Canada's efforts to have recipient countries participate in the development of their aid programs.
( http://www.idrc.ca/uploads/user-S/11394255461History_rev_e.pdf )

Web Links

Additional Links

Marshall McLuhan 1911–1980
Marshall McLuhan's estate maintains this website which contains biographical sketches, famous quotations, links and a FAQ section.
( http://www.marshallmcluhan.com/main.html )
Page 247

OECD Broadband Statistics
The OECD gathers information on global trends, such as the spread of information and communications technology. This page provides data on broadband penetration in countries around the world. Broadband is the network that allows Internet access.
( http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/21/60/39574903.xls )
Additional Links

World Heritage List
The World Heritage site features an interactive map with descriptions of 878 properties that are considered outstanding examples of our cultural and natural heritage.
( http://whc.unesco.org/en/list )
Page 258

The EU at a glance
This section of the Europa website offers general information on the European Union, including its history, EU treaties, member countries, EU symbols, and Eurojargon.
( http://europa.eu/abc/index_en.htm )
Additional Links

Inuit Circumpolar Conference
The Inuit Circumpolar Conference site outlines the history and structure of the organization, and links to the websites of Canadian, Russian, Greenland, and Alaskan members.
( http://inuitcircumpolar.com/flash_player_icc_highspeed.php )
Additional Links

Canada in la Francophonie
This Foreign Affairs page describes Canada's leading role in La Francophonie, an organization of 55 countries that are united by their common use of the French language.
( http://www.international.gc.ca/franco/index.aspx#canada )
Page 261

Welcome to NATO
This NATO slideshow serves as a good introduction to the foundation of this collective security alliance and its activities.
( http://www.nato.int/nato-welcome/index.html )

Web Links

Additional Links

Access to Safe Water
The World Bank has developed a measure for determining whether a community has the access to water it needs to stay healthy. This is explained through text, a map, charts, and student exercises.
( http://www.worldbank.org/depweb/english/modules/environm/water/index.html )
Additional Links

Water and Poverty: What's the Connection?
Youthink! considers the relationship between poverty and access to water, and water management issues. The site proposes actions that students can take to help solve this global problem.
( http://youthink.worldbank.org/issues/environment/water/ )
Additional Links

Farmer's Resolution
Wendy Holmes is leading a farmer's campaign to have water excluded from free trade agreements that Canada has signed. The farmers believe that excluding water from trade agreements will help Canada retain sovereignty over its water resources.
( http://www.farmertofarmer.ca/water_resolution.html )
Additional Links

Human Development Report 2007–2008
The most recent UN Human Development report focuses on how climate change will affect people in the poorest nations the most, despite the fact that these vulnerable citizens have contributed much less to the problem than have others.
( http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2007-2008/ )
Additional Links

1918 Revisited
This CBC web page on pandemics describes the ravages of the Spanish flu in Canada in 1918, and provides links to additional resources on the course of the virus in other countries.
( http://www.cbc.ca/fifth/nextpandemic/1918.html )
Additional Links

Created by the Harvard – MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, this global disease alert map can present information by country, disease, or most recent alert.
( http://www.healthmap.org/en )
Page 273

Who are the hungry?
One of the UN World Food Program goals is to halve the number of hungry people by the 21st century. The WFP has created this interactive map to show the geography of hunger. The website describes efforts to combat hunger around the globe.
( http://www.wfp.org/aboutwfp/introduction/hunger_who.asp?section=1&sub_section=1 )
Page 273

End Poverty 2015
This site presents news, statistics, and analysis to evaluate progress towards the UN's eight Millennium Goals. The website's youth corner offers opportunities for youth activism.
( http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals )
Additional Links

Solving Global Warming
The David Suzuki Foundation website looks at the science of climate change and outlines actions that individuals can take in everyday life to slow the effects of climate change.
( http://www.davidsuzuki.org/Climate_Change/What_You_Can_Do/ )
Additional Links

Climate Change
This TakingITGlobal page discusses climate change issues, and provides resources for further study, links to related organizations, a blog space, and suggestions on how young people can take action on the environment.
( http://issues.takingitglobal.org/climate?gclid=CI-i0v2XlZUCFQWxsgodiS7Ngg )
Additional Links

10 common misunderstandings about the WTO
The World Trade Organization answers some of the criticism of its behaviour and activities, such as accusations that it compromises national independence or that it acts in favour of wealthy countries.
( http://www.wto.org/english/theWTO_e/whatis_e/10mis_e/10m00_e.htm )

Web Links

Page 296

Robert Baldwin
This Library and Archives Canada website describes Robert Baldwin's political career and the reforms he introduced in partnership with Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine. Click the link marked "responsible government".
( http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/confederation/023001-2304-e.html )
Page 296

Sir Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine
Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine's political biography describes the reformer's work towards the recognition of French as an official language and the establishment of responsible government in Canada.
( http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/confederation/023001-2353-e.html )
Page 296

The Reform Alliance
This page from Canada, A People's History is the first of a series of articles on the struggle for responsible government in Canada. It features the alliance between Robert Baldwin and Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine.
( http://history.cbc.ca/history/?MIval=EpisContent&series_id=1&episode_id=7&chapter_id=5&pa... )
Additional Links

Settlement Era
This University of Calgary presentation looks at the influx of migrants to western Canada after 1896.
( http://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/canada1891/4frame.html )
Page 302

Immigration Policy
The Multicultural Canada website contains eleven chapters that outline the history of Canada's immigration policy.
( http://www.multiculturalcanada.ca/Encyclopedia/A-Z/i2 )
Page 302

Meeting of Cultures
A comprehensive multimedia resource, this Asia/Canada presentation explains Canadian policy towards Asian immigrants, and describes the experience of Chinese emigrants. Start with "Meeting of Cultures."
( http://www.histori.ca/asia-canada/page.do?pageID=423 )
Page 303

Chinese Labourers
This page describes the plight of Chinese labourers who were used to build the Canadian Pacific Railway but were treated with discrimination in Canadian law.
( http://www.canadianhistory.ca/iv/perspective/perspective4_1.html )
Page 303

Prime Minister Harper offers full apology for Chinese Head Tax
In 2006, Prime Minister Stephen Harper apologized for past discriminatory immigration policies in Canada. He also introduced government plans to offer financial compensation to the families of Chinese immigrants who were victimized by these policies.
( http://pm.gc.ca/eng/media.asp?id=1219 )
Additional Links

Sovereignty and Resistance
This NFB website contains over thirty-three short documentaries that attempt to present the Aboriginal perspective on life in Canada. Click "Dancing Around The Table" to view different visions of aboriginal entitlement at the Constitution Conference of 1983.
( http://www.nfb.ca/enclasse/doclens/visau/index.php?mode=theme&language=english&theme=3066... )

Web Links

Page 314

Official Symbols
This website provides an historical overview of the development of many of Canada's national symbols.
( http://www.craigmarlatt.com/canada/symbols_facts&lists/symbols.html )
Page 317

The Glenbow Museum website hightlights upcoming and permanent exhibitions, including Mavericks, an online presentation of this permanent exhibit on the history of Alberta.
( http://www.glenbow.org/exhibitions/permanent.cfm )
Additional Links

National Cultural Institutions
The Canadian government provides this list of Canadian cultural institutions, with links to the home site of each organization.
( http://geo.international.gc.ca/canada-europa/master/culture/national_cultural_institution... )
Page 318

Historica Foundation
The Historica Foundation homepage presents Historica resources, such as the Canadian Encyclopedia, history video clips, and the Historica Fairs program, which encourages study of Canadian history.
( http://www.histori.ca/default.do?page=.index )
Additional Links

This site explores the history of the fur trade and the Hudson's Bay Company in Canada. It contains short biographies of key historical figures as well as many primary resources.
( http://www.canadiana.org/hbc/intro_e.html )
Additional Links

Canada World Youth
The Canada World Youth site describes the organization's goals, targets for global and local community development, and the stories of student participants.
( http://www.cwy-jcm.org/en )
Page 324

Canadian Security Intelligence Service
The CSIS role in protecting Canadians, a history of the service, current structure, legislation, career opportunities, and accountability processes are offered on this website.
( http://www.csis-scrs.gc.ca/index-eng.asp )
Additional Links

Canadian Music Centre
A federally sponsored cultural institution, the Canadian Music Centre aims to promote Canadian classical composers in this country and internationally.
( http://www.musiccentre.ca/abo.cfm )
Additional Links

Celebrating Dominion Day 1867–1917
This Images Canada photo essay shows how Canadians celebrated Canada Day from Confederation to the end of WW1.
( http://www.imagescanada.ca/r1-250-e.html )

Web Links

Additional Links

Western Alienation: Myths and Realities
A former leader of the Reform Party of Canada, Preston Manning talks about new sources of western alienation in the 21st century.
( http://www.cwf.ca/V2/cnt/oped_apr_25_2004.php )
Additional Links

The Atlantic Accord Dispute
Alberta's dispute with the federal government in the 1970s reemerged in 2007 when Ottawa and the East Coast provinces disagreed over how to treat off-shore oil revenues. This news report outlines the main issues in the standoff between the federal and provincial governments.
( http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/20070611/accord_primer_070611/2007061... )
Additional Links

'Have-not' Ontario to receive equalization money
Pressure on Ontario manufacturing has moved the province into "have-not" status for the first time in its history. As this news article reported, the federal Finance Minister expected that Ontario would need equalization payments into the foreseeable future.
( http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/article/529487 )
Page 343

Official Bilingualism in Canada
Author Jay Makarenko has prepared this history of Canadian language policy which provides background to discussion of the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism.
( http://www.mapleleafweb.com/features/official-bilingualism-canada-history-and-debates )
Page 343

Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism
This Canadian Encyclopedia entry discusses the Commission's goals, findings and the establishment of official bilingualism in Canada in 1969.
( http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0000741 )
Additional Links

The Challenge of Diversity - the Federal Experience: Canada
A lively video presentation about Canadian diversity and federal-provincial relations.
( http://www.forumfed.org/en/products/video/canada.php )
Additional Links

Turtle Island Network
This native-owned news site contains extensive documentation on historic and contemporary land claims. It offers commentary from the perspective of aboriginal people.
( http://www.turtleisland.org/news/news-landclaims.htm )
Page 350

Ethnic diversity and immigration
Statistics Canada provides analysis of census data in text and charts that project ever higher levels of ethnic diversity and urbanization for Canada's population into 2017.
( http://www41.statcan.ca/2007/30000/ceb30000_000-eng.htm )
Page 353

Canadian Space Agency
The Canadian Space Agency has prepared different views of the agency's programs and activities that are tailored to specific audiences. Through portals designed for scientists, educators or students, website visitors can find appropriate material on the Canadarm, Dextre and Radarsat-2 technologies.
( http://www.asc-csa.gc.ca/eng/default.asp )

Web Links

Additional Links

Mathieu Da Costa Challenge
To encourage appreciation for diversity, Canadian Heritage and Parks Canada launched this competition in 1996 for young Canadians who celebrate in story or art the contribution made by a person of Aboriginal, African or other origin to Canadian development.
( http://www.ifacca.org/national_agency_news/2008/04/20/canadas-young-people-celebrate-dive... )
Page 363

Human Rights and Diversity
The Alberta Culture and Community Spirit Ministry sponsors educational programs to foster an understanding of human rights legislation, provincial diversity, and the right of Albertans to freedom from discrimination.
( http://culture.alberta.ca/humanrights/default.aspx )
Additional Links

Eastern Woodland People & the Coming of the Europeans
This history of the First Nations in Canada begins before contact with Europeans, and argues that the Canadian and US federal systems were based on the Iroquois Confederacy model.
( http://www.uppercanadahistory.ca/fn/fn1.html )
Additional Links

PM Apology for Residential Schools
Prime Minister Stephen Harper's apology to First Nations people for the treatment they received in residential schools was reported by the CBC.
( http://www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2008/06/11/aboriginal-apology.html )
Additional Links

Consultation Commission on Accommodation Practices Related to Cultural Differences
Established in 2007 to explore anxiety over the integration of immigrants into Québec society, the Bouchard-Taylor Commission was mandated to consult with people across the province on the issue of reasonable accommodation. The final report advocated greater tolerance and a more secular face for provincial institutions.
( http://www.accommodements.qc.ca/index-en.html )
Additional Links

The Montréal-based North American Forum on Integration was created in 2002 to address issues of North American integration. The organization's website describes conference activity, and provides a newsletter and links to related government and business institutions.
( http://www.fina-nafi.org/eng/fina/presentation.asp?count=eng )
Additional Links

Globalization – What is it?
The World Bank's Youthink! looks at the issue of globalization and it's affect on countries around the world. The site has extensive links for further study of this historical and contemporary phenomenon.
( http://youthink.worldbank.org/issues/globalization/ )