Exploring Nationalism

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Template Library

Modifiable electronic files for templates and graphic organizers used in the student resource activities as well as those specific to the development of skills outcomes

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Repro A Ten Steps to Preparing Research (71.0K)
Repro B Ten Steps to Making Effective Presentations (69.0K)
Repro C Francophone References (68.0K)
Repro D Aboriginal References (68.0K)
Repro E My KWL Chart (53.0K)
Repro F Mind Map (242.0K)
Repro G Creating Effective Inquiry Questions Checklist (60.0K)
Repro H Placemat (73.0K)
Repro I consensus-Building Tips (62.0K)
Repro J Trems of the Treaty of Versailles (59.0K)
Repro K T-chart (57.0K)
Repro L Venn Diagram (84.0K)
Repro M Point-Proof-Comment Organizer (52.0K)
Repro N Triangle Debate Organizer (63.0K)
Repro O Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (85.0K)

Modifiable Templates

Repro A Ten Steps to Preparing Research (61.0K)
Repro B Ten Steps to Making Effective Presentations (58.0K)
Repro C Francophone References (33.0K)
Repro D Aboriginal References (33.0K)
Repro E My KWL Chart (24.0K)
Repro F Mind Map (326.0K)
Repro G Creating Effective Inquiry Questions Checklist (39.0K)
Repro H Placemat (361.0K)
Repro I consensus-Building Tips (31.0K)
Repro J Trems of the Treaty of Versailles (37.0K)
Repro K T-chart (24.0K)
Repro L Venn Diagram (312.0K)
Repro M Point-Proof-Comment Organizer (201.0K)
Repro N Triangle Debate Organizer (35.0K)
Repro O Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (52.0K)

Visuals Library

Utilize images and illustrations from the Exploring Globalization student resource in reports and presentations

My Journal on Nationalism

Modifiable journal templates for each chapter that reflect the topic of each "My Journal on Nationalism" feature. NEW!

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Page 29

Tibetan Government in Exile' s Official Website
The official website of the Office of Tibet, an agency of His Holiness the Dalai Lama, leader of the Tibetan government in exile, contains information on the religion, culture and institutions of Tibet and the émigré population in India. It documents the Tibetan's historical struggle for self-determination, and provides a news service that reports events such as the March 2008 Declaration by the EU Presidency on the situation in Tibet.
( http://www.tibet.com/ )
Page 29

Canada Tibet Committee
The CTC, made up of Tibetans and non-Tibetans in Canada, supports the restoration of Tibet to independent statehood. Their web site offers a summary of the Tibetan historic struggle, an overview of the government in exile, and information on the Tibetan émigré community in Canada.
( http://www.tibet.ca/en/tibet_in_canada/ )
Page 30

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
The Department of Justice Canada website contains the full text of the Charter.
( http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/charter/ )
Page 30

Fundamental Freedoms
This multilingual, multimedia site provides an overview of the Charter content and context in Canadian constitutional history, as well as analysis of the Charter's impact offered by Canadian legal experts. The site includes extensive teacher resources.
( http://www.charterofrights.ca/en/02_00_01 )
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Exploring Canadian Identity
The AOC's interactive website explores notions of national identity by asking questions about Canadian history, myth, ideology, popular culture, and the country's heroes. The site is organized around tasks designed to help students articulate a unique vision of the Canadian nation for presentation at a theoretical World's Fair.
( http://www.ataoc.ca/start/identity/identity.html )
Page 30

Charting the Future: Canada's New Constitution
From the CBC Digital Archive, this series of contemporary radio and TV clips outlines jurisdictional and rights issues that animated Constitutional debate between Canadian politicians during the patriation of the Constitution.
( http://archives.cbc.ca/politics/constitution/topics/1092/ )

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Page 46

Liberty, Equality, Fraternity - Social Causes of the Revolution
Social Causes of the Revolution describes the build up of demographic and economic pressures on different social classes in pre-revolutionary France. This chapter discusses social change experienced by the rising middle class (bourgeoisie), guild members, workers, and peasants, and the dissemination of radical ideas by the intellectuals which all led to the outbreak of violence against the privileged nobility and clergy in 1789. The site covers a range of topics on the French Revolution, and features a large collection of primary source documents, including songs, memoir accounts, and visual images of the period.
( http://chnm.gmu.edu/revolution/chap1a.html )
Page 52

Declaration of the Rights of Man – 1789
Text of the Declaration of the Rights of Man - 1789.
( http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/rightsof.htm )
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Companion to the PBS documentary series on Napoleon, this site presents a history of Napoleon and his era that includes a discussion forum offering alternative views on Napoleon's legacy, an extensive bibliography and links to other Napoleon sites, an interactive battle simulator, as well as video clips from a PBS film that dramatize the battles of Lodi, Austerlitz, and Waterloo.
( http://www.pbs.org/empires/napoleon/flash/fl_home.html )
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Liberty, Freedom, Equality - The Napoleonic Experience
This section of The Napoleonic Experience looks at domestic policy, foreign policy and war, as well as Napoleon's legacy in an effort to balance various assessments of this legendary figure. Primary source documents, including maps, illustrations, contemporary cartoons, personal accounts, and the Marseillaise enliven the presentation.
( http://chnm.gmu.edu/revolution/chap9a.html# )
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The Napoleonic Series
This evaluation of Napoleon's leadership and achievements argues that Napoleon should be judged by the standards of the day and measured against the actions of his contemporaries rather than by contemporary expectations. Imposing today's values on the actions of figures from time past is called "ahistoricism."
( http://www.napoleon-series.org/faq/c_leader.html )
Page 57

France divided as headscarf ban is set to become law
In this Observer article, Alex Duval Smith explores the issues of racism, secularism, female subjugation, and integration of immigrants into French society that surrounded the 2004 headscarf ban. Debates between feminist activists, French conservatives, Muslim targets of the legislation, politicians and religious leaders highlight the differing approaches that have been used to define the concept and rights of nations.
( http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2004/feb/01/france.schoolsworldwide )
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Imperialism in Canada
In his 1904 Address to the Empire Club of Canada, the poet William Wilfred Campbell describes imperialism as a progressive, civilizing force, and Canada's adherence to British causes and institutions as the single means to the development of a true nationalism that would protect against Americanization. His speech is a good example of the arguments used by monarchists in early 20th Canada to define Canadian nationalism through linkage with British traditions.
( http://www.empireclubfoundation.com/details.asp?SpeechID=2582&FT=yes )
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The Crucible of War: Canadian and British Troops During the Boer War
Reaction to Britain's demand that Canada support it's efforts in the Boer War in 1902 are viewed by many historians as a defining event in the development of Canadian nationalism. The government ultimately supported pro-British Canadians' call to send troops to South Africa against the objections of French Canadians such as Henri Bourassa who viewed this as a British Imperialist war that Canada had no place in. In this article, Carmen Miller argues that rather than cementing Canadian loyalty to Britain, the Canadians' experience of war worked to create a sense of distinctness.
( http://www.defence.gov.au/army/ahu/books_articles/ConferencePapers/The_Boer_War_Miller.htm )
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Building the Canadian Pacific Railway
This site provides an outline and photographs which document the history of the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway. The narrative tone calls to mind one of Canada's more prominent national myths - that construction of the railway was actually an exercise in forging the 'national dream.'
( http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/customcode/Media.cfm?CFID=70816&CFTOKEN=28 512484... )
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The Pauline Johnson Archive
E. Pauline Johnson, or Tekahionwake which means "double life," was born of mixed Mohawk and English parents. Her poetry, recitals, and dramatic approach to her dual cultural identity are presented in archival materials collected on this McMaster University website.
( http://www.humanities.mcmaster.ca/~pjohnson/home.html )
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Métis Identity
Published by the Gabriel Dumont Institute of Native Studies, this article examines the roots of Métis identity and Métis self-identification throughout history. The author also discusses the relationship between the struggle for self-governing institutions and efforts to foster a stronger identity for the Métis people.
( http://www.metismuseum.ca/media/document.php/00726.pdf )

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Page 74

The Heritage Canada Multiculturalism website provides definitions, legislation, and statistics, as well as an explanation of federal government multicultural policy and programming. It also contains extensive links that offer the perspective of various multicultural groups in Canada, including non-governmental organizations.
( http://www.pch.gc.ca/progs/multi/index_e.cfm )
Page 74

Multicultural Canada
An online resource of materials on Canadian multicultural history that looks to promote learning, greater understanding and communication between of several of the larger cultural groups in Canada.
( http://www.multiculturalcanada.ca/index.htm )
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About Médecins Sans Frontières
The MSF mandate is to help "alleviate human suffering, to protect life and health and to restore and ensure respect for the human beings and their fundamental human rights." In work with government authorities to rebuild health structures, in efforts to raise awareness of crisis situations, and when acting as witness to the plight of populations in need, volunteers must provide assistance even when they encounter cultural and societal difference.
( http://www.msf.org/msfinternational/invoke.cfm?objectid=130CB2BA-E018-0C72-097046C7C42A85... )
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South Baffin Planning Region Archeology and Place Names
The Nunavut Research Institute's efforts to preserve the past through the South Baffin Place Names Project are described on this Nunavut government website. Names identified through this project will be incorporated into the Nunavut Planning Commissions' mapping program, which will include a 'Talking Map.'
( http://npc.nunavut.ca/eng/regions/southbaf/archeol.html )
Page 83

People to People, Nation to Nation
Indian and Northern Affairs Canada presents highlights from the Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Full text of the Report is also available on the website.
( http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/ch/rcap/rpt/index_e.html )

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The Atlantic Seal Hunt
This CBC news report on the seal hunt is structured as a question and answer session that tries to look behind the rhetoric on this inflammatory issue. From this page, click to listen to opposing points of view offered by the Minister of Fisheries and Aquaculture of Newfoundland, and the Director of the Humane Society of the United States.
( http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/sealhunt/ )
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The Prairie Roots of Canada's Political "Third Parties"
Western cooperative sentiment combined with frustration over the plight of desperate farmers and workers during the Great Depression to create new political movements. The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, formed in Calgary in 1932, advocated a new vision of the Canadian nation which sought to protect the working classes through widespread public ownership and nationalization of financial institutions. See "The Depression and third party development" section of this site.
( http://www.mta.ca/faculty/arts/canadian_studies/english/about/study_guide/roots/ )
Page 98

The Pembina Institute works to address environmental issues arising from oil sands development. Its website offers background articles and other resources, including this video which presents industry, First Nations, and environmentalist perspectives on sustainable development of the oil sands. Melody Lepine (p. 99 in the sampler) is featured in the video.
( http://www.oilsandswatch.org/videos/osf )
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More than a Map
This article in the Oil Sands Review, discusses the Athabasca Oil Sands Project's partnership with the European Space Agency to use satellite data to support sustainable development and future mine reclamation.
( http://www.oilsandsreview.com/articles.asp?ID=451 )
Page 98

Athabasca Oil Sands Project 2004 Sustainable Development Report
Shell Canada's report on sustainable development describes the corporation's participation in CEMA, a multi-stakeholder group that is working to establish frameworks for the management of resource development and environmental impacts. See the chapter entitled, "Environmental."
( http://www.shell.com/static/ca-en/downloads/about_shell/what_we_do/aosp_sd_report.pdf )
Page 105

The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture
The "Little Rock Nine" entry from the Encyclopedia provides a history of the standoff at Little Rock Central High School, biographies of the participants, photographs and extensive links to related topics. The encyclopedia includes a chapter on segregation and desegregation in Arkansas and other southern US states.
( http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?search=1&entryID=723 )
Page 107

Amnesty International Canada
The Canadian Amnesty International site describes the Maher Arar case, Amnesty actions to support Arar, and an analysis of how this case highlights the need to balance international human rights standards with efforts to ensure national security. An interview with Arar, links to press coverage, Amnesty petitions, letters from Canadians, Arar's own website, and the Commission of Inquiry into the Actions of Canadian Officials to Maher Arar report are also provided.
( http://www.amnesty.ca/human_rights_issues/maher_arar_overview.php )
Page 107

The Canadian Muslim Network Tribute to Civil Liberties in Canada
In an effort to enhance communication between Muslim Canadians and Canadians of other faiths, the Canadian Muslim Network has offered this tribute in honour of Maher Arar and Monia Mazigh. The tribute was intended to recognize the backing of the Canadian public as well as Arar's role in the restoration of civil liberties that had begun to erode in the wake of heightened security surrounding September 11th.
( http://www.interpares.ca/en/publications/pdf/CMN_Civil_Liberties.pdf )

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Research backs Canada on Arctic Sovereignty
Canadian and Danish scientists will present sea floor mapping evidence proving that the Lomonosov Ridge is an extension of the North American continent at a 2008 geological conference in Norway. This evidence will form part of Canada’s submission under the UN Convention on the Law of the Seas claiming sovereignty over Arctic territories.
( http://www.canada.com/victoriatimescolonist/news/story.html?id=4d2d0808-e2e8-4a97-b086-c0... )
Page 123

Causes of the War
This BBC article describes the tangle of international alliances that came into play with Gavrilo Princip’s assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on June 28, 1914, and how the European powers’ imperialist ambitions contributed to the outbreak of WW1. The site includes an interactive timeline and other activities that explore WW1 history.
( http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/worldwarone/hq/index.shtml )
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Lessons from History? The Paris Peace Conference of 1919
Historian Margaret MacMillan argues in this overview of the Paris Peace that the Conference and its outcomes must be judged in context. In the aftermath of the worst war the world had seen, many of the problems that conference participants were expected to resolve defied solution.
( http://www.international.gc.ca/department/skelton/macmillan-en.asp )
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The pursuit of self-determination
Alistair Cooke draws the scene at the Paris Peace Conference, focusing on the utopian vision of a new world order based on national self-determination proposed by US president Woodrow Wilson.
( http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/letter_from_america/288250.stm )
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Lawrence of Arabia
This History Learning Site entry describes T.E. Lawrence’s leadership of the Arab Revolt (Awakening) in WW1, and links to a discussion of the betrayal of the Arab independence movement in treaties such as the Sykes-Picot Agreement of May 1916.
( http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/lawrence_of_arabia.htm )
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Great Power Conflict over Iraqi Oil: the World War I Era
James A. Paul’s article describes the British, French and American use of military force, government and corporate pressure in the scramble for access to Mesopotamian (Iraqi) oil reserves at the end of WW1.
( http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/oil/2002/1000history.htm )
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The Plight of the Afghan Woman
Part of Afghanistan Online, this web page provides background information, suggested readings, and current news on the plight of women, as well as links to other organizations involved in the struggle for women’s rights in Afghanistan.
( http://www.afghan-web.com/woman/#Related )

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Ultranationalism in Germany and Japan
Sarah Watts compares German and Japanese history to find common experiences that led to the rise of ultranationalism in both countries. She poses questions to help readers analyze Adolf Hitler’s Mein Kampf and The Way of Subjects, tracts that served as the basis for the development of ultranationalist ideologies in Germany and Japan during the 1930s.
( http://www.wfu.edu/~watts/w11_ultrantl.htm )
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Soviet Ukraine
The Encyclopaedia Britannica entry for Soviet Ukraine explains collectivization as part of Stalin’s plan for industrialization of the Soviet Union, and describes the horrific consequences for the people of Ukraine.
( http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/612921/Ukraine/30078/Soviet-Ukraine#tab=active~... )
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The heritage of collectivization
This article provides background to the Soviet leadership’s decision to collectivize agriculture, and describes some of the infamous aspects of the collectivization campaign, including ‘dekulakization’, Stalin’s “Dizzy with Success” speech, and the 1932-33 man-made famine in Ukraine.
( http://www.fecoopa.ru/fc/article4.html )
Page 141

Great Depression
The Canadian Encyclopedia discusses the social effects of the Great Depression its and economic impact on different Canadian provinces.
( http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0003425 )
Page 141

Weimar Republic and the Great
Weimar Germany’s economic dependence on America following WW1 meant catastrophe for the country when the Great Depression stuck the US economy in the 1930s. This article looks at the relationship between economic hardship and popular support for Hitler’s election as Chancellor of Germany in 1933.
( http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/weimar_depression_1929.htm )
Page 141

The Great Depression in Global Perspective
This Digital History page discusses the effect of the Great Depression on countries around the world, focusing on the human toll of economic crisis.
( http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHID=462 )
Page 147

The Final Solution
The Spartacus Educational website has several entries on the Nazi persecution of the Jews, including this description of the Final Solution which features eyewitness accounts and planning documents written by Nazi administrators.
( http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/GERfinal.htm )
Page 147

Anti Jewish Legislation in Pre-War Germany
This section of the US Holocaust Memorial Museum examines the anti-Semitic roots of Nazi ideology, and at legislation such as the Nuremberg Laws which worked to segregate Jews from participation in mainstream German society.
( http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005681 )
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WWII and Internment
The Japanese Canadian Legacy Project is devoted to preserving the stories of earlier generations of Japanese people. This page, which focuses on the internment of Japanese citizens during WW2, features interviews with survivors.
( http://www.sedai.ca/news/internment/ )
Page 154

Pearson Peacekeeping Centre
Established by the federal government in 1994, the Pearson Peacekeeping Centre is a not-for-profit Canadian institute that trains individuals, military personnel and police officers for peacekeeping roles in conflict areas across the globe. Its website outlines the Centre’s mission and Canada’s role in international peacekeeping, as well as Canada’s current involvement in specific regions.
( http://www.peaceoperations.org/web/la/en/pa/25D32889DA43494098B2BAA8F3D3F4FA/template.asp )

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Page 163

Genocide Watch
Genocide Watch is part of the International Coalition to End Genocide, an organization that calls attention to potential trouble spots, and works to marshal a rapid response to genocide and to punishment of its perpetrators. This site offers up-to-date news on the campaign to end genocide, as well as information on genocide in various regions.
( http://www.genocidewatch.org/home.html )
Page 163

Genocide Intervention Network
The Genocide Intervention Network aims to mobilize concerned individuals and organizations to lobby political leaders to take the steps necessary to prevent genocide in the future.
( http://www.genocideintervention.net/network )
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Armenia 1915
The British-based pacifist organization, Peace Pledge Union, describes the Young Turk regime’s expulsion of hundreds of thousands of Armenian citizens from former Ottoman territory in 1915. The site also provides information on genocide in seven additional regions.
( http://www.ppu.org.uk/genocide/g_armenia.html )
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The Armenian Genocide
This Armenian educational website provides a detailed timeline of Turkish attacks on the Armenian people, which culminated in the Genocide of 1915. The site includes photos, interviews with survivors, as well as archival audio resources.
( http://www.theforgotten.org/intro.html )
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Canada recognizes Holodomor as genocide
The Ukrainian Canadian Congress website describes the efforts of various groups to encourage the Canadian government’s recognition of the Holodomor as an act of genocide against Ukraine.
( http://www.ucc.ca/media_releases/2008-05-28d/index.htm )
Page 170

Canada and the International Criminal Court
This Foreign Affairs site looks at Canada’s role in the establishment of the ICC, as well as the International Criminal Court’s history, structure, mandate, and current issues.
( http://www.international.gc.ca/foreign_policy/icc/menu-en.asp )
Page 172

International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia
The ICTY site provides an overview of the establishment of the tribunal and updates on the latest cases and tribunal judgments. The site offers audio and video links to three tribunal courtrooms.
( http://www.un.org/icty/ )
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International Responsibility
This Human Rights Watch report analyzes the failure of the UN and the international community to intervene to protect Tutsi civilians in the Rwandan genocide of 1994.
( http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB53/ )

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Religious aspects of the Kosovo Conflict
The Ontario Council for Religious Tolerance has established links between the religion and ethnicity of participants in Kosovo, and argues that there may be less potential for conflict in regions where religion is viewed as part of a personal belief system.
( http://www.religioustolerance.org/war_koso.htm )
Page 184

The United Nations and Decolonialization
This UN site provides a history, extensive documentation, and maps outlining the process of decolonialization from the end of WW2, as well as information on UN involvement in current decolonialization efforts.
( http://www.un.org/Depts/dpi/decolonization/main.htm )
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Free Tibet
Free Tibet is devoted to self-determination for the Tibetan people and works for an end to Chinese occupation. The website describes the organization’s most recent publicity launch - the T for Tibet campaign which will use the Olympics to publicize the Tibetan cause.
( http://www.freetibet.org/ )
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The End of British Rule in India
This case study of the British withdrawal from India encourages students to analyze primary source documents to determine why the British left the region in 1947.
( http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/empire/g3/cs3/default.htm )
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The ASEAN Focus Group website provides a broad outline of Cambodian history that discusses the country’s domination by foreign powers and its struggle for self-determination. See “World War II, 1940–1945” and following sections.
( http://www.aseanfocus.com/publications/history_cambodia.html )
Page 192

Kashmir Freedom Movement
Since 1972, the Kashmir Freedom Movement has campaigned for independence for the State of Jammu & Kashmir from all foreign occupation. This site describes KFM aims and the progress of the struggle for Kashmiri self-determination through video archives and news updates.
( http://www.kfmovement.org/ )
Page 195

Inui Tapirlit Kanatami
The official website of the Inuit Tapirlit Kanatami describes the organization’s mandate, current issues for the Inuit in Canada, and Tapirlit Kanatami’s action plan for development of the region.
( http://www.itk.ca/ )
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The Status and Rights of the James Bay Crees in the Context of Quebec Secession from Cana...
In his presentation of the Cree perspective on the Quebec secessionist movement of the mid 1990s, Grand Chief Matthew Coon Come focused on the separatists’ refusal to recognize the Aboriginal people’s right to self-determination in Quebec.
( http://www.connexions.org/CxLibrary/CxHeading13324.htm )
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Canadian Council for Refugees
The Canadian Council for Refugees is a non-profit umbrella organization that advocates on behalf of refugees in Canada and around the world. Its website describes current issues and the group’s activities, and its media room provides up-to-date news on the global refugee situation.
( http://www.ccrweb.ca/eng/engfront/frontpage.htm )

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The Darfur Crisis
The European-Sudanese Public Affairs Council has created a Darfur Information website which contains a history of the outbreak of violence between rebel groups in Darfur and the Sudanese government, as well as news on the impact on civilians and the efforts of international organizations to restore security in the region.
( http://darfurinformation.com/index.asp )
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AFN National Day of Action
First Nations leader Phil Fontaine’s comments on the National Day of Action and the Assembly of First Nations 7 Point Plan to address the needs of First Nations peoples.
( http://www.afn.ca/article.asp?id=4187 )
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Canadian Humanitarian
Canada provides humanitarian relief on an ongoing basis through various government agencies, and in response to specific crises such as the Southeast Asian tsunami of 2004. Individual Canadians also participate in humanitarian activities through volunteer groups like the Alberta-based, grassroots Canadian Humanitarian organization.
( http://www.canadianhumanitarian.com/1-whoweare.php )
Page 224

Arctic Council
The Arctic Council site presents the organization’s founding documentation, current membership, Arctic news and maps, as well as information on the Council’s six environmentally oriented working groups.
( http://arctic-council.org/section/the_arctic_council )
Page 227

Center for World Indigenous Studies
The CWIS is a research and education group devoted to sharing information on the struggle of the Fourth World to shift control of international governance from state governments back to nations, including indigenous peoples. The organization supports conflict resolution and the rights of aboriginal people around the world.
( http://www.cwis.org/index.php )
Page 227

Cultural Survival
This organization works to protect the rights of indigenous peoples in international law, and to educate policy makers and the public about aboriginal issues.
( http://www.culturalsurvival.org/about/about.cfm )
Page 227

Canadian Parliament Calls for Implementation of Critical Universal Human Rights Instrument
Despite Canada’s 2007 opposition to the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, in April 2008 Canadian Parliament passed a resolution to adopt the Declaration.
( http://www.nwac-hq.org/en/documents/JointPressReleasereUNDeclarationHoCVoteApr9-08.pdf )

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Page 233

Council of Canadians
A broad-based citizen’s coalition, the Council of Canadians was formed in 1985 to protect Canada’s political and economic sovereignty. The Council website offers news and analysis on Canada’s proposed security partnership with the US and Mexico, access to water resources, energy and other environmental issues.
( http://www.canadians.org/ )
Page 237

Pearson Peacekeeping Centre
Established by the federal government in 1994, the Pearson Peacekeeping Centre is a not-for-profit Canadian institute that trains individuals, military personnel and police officers for peacekeeping roles in conflict areas across the globe. Its website outlines the Centre’s mission and Canada’s role in international peacekeeping, as well as Canada’s current involvement in specific trouble spots.
( http://www.peaceoperations.org/web/la/en/pa/25D32889DA43494098B2BAA8F3D3F4FA/template.asp )
Page 237

Canada and peace operations
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada describes the evolution of the country’s peacekeeping activities, stages in a conflict, and the role of various stakeholders in re-establishing peace.
( http://www.international.gc.ca/peace-paix/index.aspx?lang=en )
Page 239

Canada’s extended Continental Shelf
Canada ratified the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea in 2003. This agreement has set out an international framework for management of areas in which countries claim jurisdiction. A section of the Convention supports Canada’s claim to sovereignty over extended continental shelf regions.
( http://geo.international.gc.ca/cip-pic/geo/continental_shelf-en.aspx )
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Paris Declaration and aid effectiveness
In this article, Yash Tandon looks at the Paris Declaration of 2008, the most recent attempt to improve the effectiveness of international aid efforts. He calls for further reform as the Declaration has established metrics to measure aid effectiveness without the input of recipient countries, in terms that can be prejudicial to the interests of donor nations.
( http://www.globalpolicy.org/socecon/develop/oda/2008/0610parisdeclaration.htm )
Page 249

The Treaty
Composed of 1,400 NGOs in 90 different countries, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines is working towards the eradication of antipersonnel mines. The Campaign site provides text of the Ottawa Convention of 1977 and detail on its implementation, a list of signatories, definitions, and reports on mine action, stockpiles and victim assistance.
( http://www.icbl.org/treaty )

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Disarm DSEi
This website is a good example of the use of modern communication technologies such as the Internet to rally individuals involved in a specific cause. In this case, the Disarm DSEi goal is to mobilize large number of supporters and organize them in action against the arms trade.
( http://www.dsei.org/ )
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Digital Divide
The International Investor Group Against Digital Divide is implementing broadband in Indonesia to test the argument that technology can draw developing regions into the international market. They argue this inclusion will empower people formerly disadvantaged by the digital divide.
( http://www.digitaldivide.org/dd/index.html )
Page 261

World Heritage List
The World Heritage site lists 878 properties that it considers outstanding examples of our cultural and natural heritage. The site also outlines current conservation programs, and features an interactive map which describes individual properties.
( http://whc.unesco.org/en/list )
Page 265

The EU at a glance
This section of the Europa website offers general information on the European Union, including its history, an outline of EU treaties, member countries, fact, figures, symbols, and Eurojargon.
( http://europa.eu/abc/index_en.htm )
Page 266

Arctic Council
The Arctic Council site contains the organization’s founding documentation, current membership, Arctic news and maps, as well as information on the Council’s six environmentally oriented working groups.
( http://www.arctic-council.org/ )
Page 267

La Francophonie
This exhibit of the Virtual Museum presents a musical map showing members of La Francophonie.
( http://www.virtualmuseum.ca/Exhibitions/Instruments/Anglais/musees_en.html )
Page 267

Canada in La Francophonie
Canada’s participation and role in La Francophonie are described on this Foreign Affairs and International Trade page.
( http://www.international.gc.ca/franco/index.aspx#canada )
Page 268

What is NATO?
NATO’s official website describes the organization’s founding principles and treaty, membership, and political/military strategy for ensuring the security of members in the “transatlantic link.”
( http://www.nato.int/nato-welcome/index.html )

Web Links

Additional Links

Climate Change
This TakingITGlobal page discusses issues around climate change, and provides resources for further study, links to related organizations, a blog space, and suggestions on how young people can take action on environmental challenges.
( http://issues.takingitglobal.org/climate?gclid=CI-i0v2XlZUCFQWxsgodiS7Ngg )
Additional Links

Solving Global Warming
The David Suzuki Foundation website looks at the science of climate change and outlines actions that individuals can take in everyday life to slow the impact of climate change.
( http://www.davidsuzuki.org/Climate_Change/What_You_Can_Do/ )
Page 278

Human Poverty Index for LCDs (2005)
The UN Human Poverty Index ranks countries by poverty level, taking into account mortality and literacy rates, access to improved water sources, average birth weights, and how many people live below the poverty line. This chart shows the share of the population living on less than a dollar a day in the poorest nations of the world.
( http://www.un.org/special-rep/ohrlls/ldc/2005%20human%20poverty%20index.pdf )
Page 279

Who are the hungry?
One of the UN World Food Programme's goals is to halve the number of hungry people by the 21st century. This website’s ‘geography of hunger’ includes an interactive map, and the site also describes efforts of the WFP to combat hunger across the globe.
( http://www.wfp.org/aboutwfp/introduction/hunger_who.asp?section=1&sub_section=1 )
Page 280

Avert AIDS & HIV information
An HIV and AIDs charity based in the UK, Avert works to extend AIDS education across the globe. The Avert site provides statistical and other information by country and community, as well as instruction on prevention and treatment of the disease.
( www.avert.org )
Page 281

Debt Relief in Africa
Devoted to eradicating extreme poverty in Africa, DATA reports on the debt relief mechanism in select African countries and on the fulfillment of G8 commitments. The website provides links to case studies that support its argument that additional financial assistance from the wealthiest nations is critical to the success of debt relief efforts.
( http://www.data.org/issues/debt.html )
Page 288

End Poverty 2015
This site presents current news, statistics, and analysis to report on progress of the UN’s eight Millennium Goals. The website’s youth corner offers opportunities for youth activism.
( http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals )
Page 288

Online Atlas of the Millennium Development Goals
The World Bank’s interactive map provides a clear graphic display of progress on the UN’s Development Goals.
( http://devdata.worldbank.org/atlas-mdg/ )
Page 289

The World Bank
The official website of the World Bank presents comprehensive information on the financial and technical assistance offered by the Bank’s two main institutions to developing nations. Info on assistance by county and project is provided, along with helpful fact sheets.
( http://www.worldbank.org/ )
Page 289

International Monetary Fund
A 185 member organization, the International Monetary Fund was established to promote monetary cooperation, foster economic growth, and to provide temporary financial assistance to countries in need. Its website provides information on workings of the Fund, as well as detailed information on the Fund’s relationship with specific countries.
( http://www.imf.org/external/ )

Web Links

Page 301

Our Future, Our Past
The Alberta Heritage Digitization Project is a vast repository on online resources for the exploration of Alberta history. The site contains a number of galleries with historic photographs.
( http://www.ourfutureourpast.ca/ )
Page 301

Canada Landscape
Canada’s identity as a land of natural beauty is apparent in this stock photography website that captures the western Canadian landscape, including many scenes in the Alberta Rockies.
( https://www.terragalleria.com/photos/?keyword=canada-landscape&new=n&s=1 )
Page 301

Photos of Canada
The Trail Canada website contains over 1,000 photographs of Canada arranged by province, territory, city, or wildlife. The national parks gallery on the site displays several familiar images of Canada’s rugged geography.
( http://www.trailcanada.com/photos/galleries/ )
Page 304

Robert Baldwin
This Library and Archives Canada website offers biographical sketches of major actors in Canadian Confederation such as Robert Baldwin. The Baldwin page describes the reformer’s political career, with focus on the reform activities he undertook in partnership with Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine.
( http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/confederation/023001-2304-e.html )
Page 304

Sir Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine
Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine’s political biography describes his efforts to have French recognized as an official language in Canada and his work with Robert Baldwin in the struggle for responsible government.
( http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/confederation/023001-2353-e.html )
Page 304

Responsible Government
Part of Early Canadiana Online, this Canada in the Making entry provides the historical background to Baldwin and La Fontaine’s reform work, and includes the text of Robert Baldwin’s 1836 letter to Glelelg in which he argues the case for responsible government.
( http://www.canadiana.org/citm/specifique/responsable_e.html )
Page 310

Immigration Policy
This historical overview of immigration policy in Canada presented by Multicultural Canada stretches from the first exploration by French settlers to the 1990s.
( http://multiculturalcanada.ca/Encyclopedia/A-Z/i2 )
Page 310

Global Gathering Place
The Global Gathering Place website explores themes in multicultural and immigration history, and describes the experience of various ethnic communities in Canada. The site includes photographs, a timeline of key events, and a resource centre for further study.
( http://www.mhso.ca/ggp/home.html )
Page 311

Prime Minister Harper offers full apology for Chinese Head Tax
The Prime Minister’s website offers Stephen Harper’s apology in 2006 for the restrictive nature of immigration policies from Canada’s past. He also addresses government plans to offer financial compensation to the descendents of Chinese immigrants who were discriminated against by these policies.
( http://pm.gc.ca/eng/media.asp?id=1219 )

Web Links

Page 322

Symbols of Canada
This Heritage Canada publication describes the origin and meaning of official and other Canadian symbols.
( http://www.pch.gc.ca/PROGS/CPSC-CCSP/sc-cs/symboles-histoire-symbols-stories/index_e.cfm )
Additional Links

The Myths that Made Canada
American Dennis Robinson considers some of the myths that have shaped Canadian identity, including the six fundamental Canadian legends analyzed in Daniel Francis’ National Dreams: Myth, Memory and Canadian History.
( http://seacoastnh.com/arts/please031404.html )
Page 325

Mavericks: An Incorrigible History of Alberta
The Glenbow Museum Mavericks exhibit presents the history of Alberta through the stories of unique individuals who each represent an aspect of the province’s development, character, and spirit. Each biography contains artifacts from the museum collection and links for further research.
( http://www.glenbow.org/mavericks/english/menu.html )
Page 326

The Dominion Institute
This official website of the Dominion Institute details the organization’s programs, survey research, and activities aimed at educating Canadians about their past.
( http://www.dominion.ca/ )
Additional Links

Canada World Youth
The Canada World Youth site describes the goals of this international education program, as well as specific target areas for global and local community development. The stories of past participants are designed to inspire and educate students who may be considering application.
( http://www.cwy-jcm.org/en )
Page 334

Canadian Security Intelligence Service
The CSIS role in protecting the security of Canadians is presented on this website, along with a history of the service, current structure, legislation, career opportunities, and accountability processes. Links to partner organizations and a news feeds are also offered.
( http://www.csis-scrs.gc.ca/index-eng.asp )
Page 338

The Greatest Canadian
This CBC page describes the station’s poll of viewers and selection of the top 10 greatest Canadians for presentation in a television broadcast. The page also provides links to CBC TV and radio archives containing biographical sketches of the top ranking group.
( http://www.cbc.ca/greatest/top_ten/ )

Web Links

Additional Links

Western Alienation before and after WW2
The Alberta Online Encyclopedia argues that western alienation had historical roots in John A. McDonald’s national plan which viewed settlement in the west as a means to support manufacturing development in central Canada. The entry claims that feelings of western regional subordination have been a constant in Canadian development history.
( http://www.abheritage.ca/albertans/perspectives/iss_alienation.html )
Page 350

A History of the Vote in Canada.
The Canadian Museum of Civilization’s presentation on The History of the Vote in Canada explores the evolution of representative democracy and universal suffrage over a 250 year period. The site contains a comprehensive bibliography, an annotated timeline, games, and an excerpt from the book covering electoral history from 1920 to 1997.
( http://www.civilization.ca/hist/elections/el_000_e.html )
Page 350

Representation in Canada’s House of Commons
This Elections Canada website outlines the history of the federal electoral system from 1867. It discusses changes to the formula for determining ‘representation by population’ that were made over time to accommodate regional and political interests.
( http://www.elections.ca/SCRIPTs/fedrep/federal_e/red/representation_e.htm )
Page 352

Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism
G. Laing’s clear presentation on the Royal Commission in the Canadian Encyclopedia discusses reasons for its establishment, reactions to it in French and English Canada, and the major pieces of legislation that were passed in response to the Commission’s findings.
( http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0000741 )
Page 363

Canadian Space Agency
The Canadian Space Agency website presents views of the agency’s programs and activities for different audiences, such as the scientific community, educators, or students. Through these portals, visitors may access material on the Canadarm, Dextre and Radarsat-2 technologies.
( http://www.space.gc.ca/eng/default.asp )

Web Links

Page 373

Human Rights and Diversity
The Alberta Culture and Community Spirit Ministry sponsors educational programs to foster understanding of human rights under provincial law, an appreciation for diversity, and the right to freedom from discrimination. These programs are outlined on the Ministry’s Human Rights and Diversity page.
( http://culture.alberta.ca/humanrights/default.aspx )
Page 376

Consultation Commission on Accommodation Practices Related to Cultural Differences
The Bouchard-Taylor Commission was established by Premier Jean Charest in 2007 in response to public outcry after the town of Herouxville adopted a code of societal norms for would-be immigrants. The Commission’s mandate was to consult with people across Québec on the issue of reasonable accommodation. Its final report, which advocates greater tolerance and a secular face for provincial institutions, is available on this website.
( http://www.accommodements.qc.ca/index-en.html )
Additional Links

Asymmetrical Federalism : A Canadian Reality
Benoît Pelletier, former Quebec’s Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs and Aboriginal Affairs, explains the concept of asymmetrical federalism in this open letter. He argues that the concept is fundamental to Canadian federalism and inherent in Canadian respect for diversity.
( http://www.saic.gouv.qc.ca/centre_de_presse/lettres_ouvertes/2004/saic_lettre20041108_en.... )
Additional Links

The Montreal-based North American Forum on Integration was created in 2002 to address issues of North American integration. The organization’s conference activity is presented on this website, along with its newsletter and links to related government and business institutions.
( http://www.fina-nafi.org/eng/fina/presentation.asp?count=eng )
Additional Links

John Humphrey
McGill University has prepared this brief biography of former faculty member, John Humphrey, who is best known for his leadership of an international committee which drafted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
( http://www.mcgill.ca/about/history/pioneers/humphrey/ )
Additional Links

Canadian International Development Agency Youth Zone
The CIDA Youth Zone site offers a comprehensive list of organizations, educational programs, and opportunities for young people to become educated about and involved in Canada’s commitment to international development.
( http://www.acdi-cida.gc.ca/CIDAWEB/acdicida.nsf/En/JUD-12882713-HSK )
Additional Links

Global Centre for Pluralism
With support from the Government of Canada, spiritual leader of the Ismaili Muslims, the Aga Khan established the Global Centre for Pluralism in 2006. The Centre’s mission is to “promote pluralism as a fundamental human value” and to serve as a global repository of educational resources. The Centre was located in Canada, a country which “epitomizes what can be achieved through a commitment to pluralism.”
( http://www.pluralism.ca/backgrounder.shtml )
Additional Links

Mathieu Da Costa Challenge
To encourage appreciation for diversity and pluralism, Canadian Heritage and Parks Canada launched this competition in 1996 to recognize original writing or art work by young Canadians. Submissions must celebrate the contribution made by a national historic person of Aboriginal, African or other origin to Canadian development.
( http://www.ifacca.org/national_agency_news/2008/04/20/canadas-young-people-celebrate-dive... )