Discovering Science 9


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Introduction
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Chapter 11
Chapter 12
Science Skills, Glossary, Index, Credits




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Image Bank





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Internet Connects

Page 5
Find out more about the work of Lee Wilson and his colleagues

Dr. Lee Wilson University of Saskatchewan, Indigenous Science
http://www.attheedgeofcanada.com/2012/01/dr-lee-wilson-university-of.html

U of S PhD student invents product to clean water

http://www.ckom.com/story/u-s-phd-student-invents-product-clean-water/108934

Lee Wilson Interview – podcast
http://archive.org/download/LeeWilsonAndScience/LeeWilson.mp3
Learn more about Dr. Lee Wilson and his work with these web links. Be sure to check out the podcast interview.


Page 108
Many crop plants have been genetically modified to change or enhance certain characteristics. Find out which products have been approved by Health Canada for human consumption.

What are Novel Foods and Genetically Modified (GM) Foods?
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/gmf-agm/index-eng.php

Frequently Asked Questions – Biotechnology and Genetically Modified Foods
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/gmf-agm/fs-if/faq_1-eng.php
These two web pages from Health Canada help provide context for the Table of Novel Food Decisions in the next link provided.

Health Canada – Approved Products
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/gmf-agm/appro/index-eng.php
This web page provides a Table of Novel Food Decisions.


Page 125
There are other types of mutations that can alter the information in DNA. Find out more.

What Kinds of Gene Mutations Are Possible?
http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/mutationsanddisorders/possiblemutations
The Genetics Home Reference from the U.S. National Institutes of Health provides information here.

DNA Is Constantly Changing through the Process of Mutation
http://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/dna-is-constantly-changing-through-the-process-6524898
Nature Education provides information here.

DNA – Mutations
http://www.chemguide.co.uk/organicprops/aminoacids/dna6.html
Information from a chemistry-oriented perspective is found on this web page, which is part of a popular online chemistry textbook from the UK


Page 126
Canadian scientists helped discover the cystic fibrosis gene. Find out more about how they found the location of the gene and what the work of molecular geneticists involves.

Profile - Lap-Chee Tsui
http://www.science.ca/scientists/scientistprofile.php?pID=19
http://www.ctvnews.ca/health/health-headlines/researchers-still-building-on-cystic-fibrosis-gene-discovery-25-years-later-1.2008837
Read the story of how the gene that causes cystic fibrosis was discovered. Then read an article from CTV News that follows up on Dr. Tsui’s work 25 years later.


Page 145
Find out more about the cell cycle.

The Cell Cycle
http://www.cellsalive.com/cell_cycle.htm
http://www.biology.arizona.edu/cell_bio/tutorials/cell_cycle/main.html
http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/C/CellCycle.html
http://www.nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/2001/index.html
Learn about the cell cycle with any or all of these web pages. All but one of them include interactive modules.


Page 189
Bees are attracted to flowers not only for their pollen and nectar. Bees can increase their body temperature by seeking out certain flowers that generate heat energy. Find out more about this relationship.

Bees Like It Hot: Pollinators Prefer Warm Flowers, Study Reveals
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006/08/060802-warm-flowers.html

Bees Can Predict Temperature in Flowers

http://www.livescience.com/925-bees-predict-temperature-flowers.html

Warm Flowers, Happy Polinators

http://chittkalab.sbcs.qmul.ac.uk/popular%20scientific%20articles/Whitney_Chittka_Biologist07.pdf
Use the two web page articles to find out about the relationship between bees and flower temperature, and then read a PDF written by the people who discovered the relationship.


Page 199

Follow the week-by-week development of an embryo and a fetus until birth.

Fetal Development Week by Week
http://www.babycenter.ca/pregnancy-week-by-week?ModPagespeed=noscript
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002398.htm
http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/womens_health_issues/normal_pregnancy/stages_of_development_of_the_fetus.html
These web pages outline embryonic and fetal development.


Page 209

Try simulating the cloning process yourself.

Click and Clone
http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/cloning/clickandclone/
The Genetic Science Learning Center provides an accessible online simulation for cloning.

Page 225
Find out about electric and hybrid vehicles.

Electric Vehicles and Hybrid Vehicles

http://electricvehicles.caa.ca/electric-vehicles-available-in-canada/hybrid-electric-vehicles-available-in-canada/
http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/hybridtech.shtml
http://blog.ucsusa.org/comparing-electric-vehicles-hybrid-vs-bev-vs-phev-vs-fcev-411
These web links can help you investigate and compare electric and hybrid cars.


Page 233
Beyond the study of static electricity, the Van de Graaff generator has applications with X-ray tubes, food sterilization, and nuclear physics experiments. Learn more about these applications.

Applications of Electrostatics

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/science/add_gateway_pre_2011/radiation/electrostaticsusesrev1.shtml
http://www.miniphysics.com/applications-of-electrostatics.html
http://www.imagesco.com/articles/high-voltage/van_de_graaf.html
Use these web pages to find out about applications of Van de Graaff generators.


Page 240
A lightning rod is charged by induction, just like the knob on the electroscope. Find out more about how lightning rods work.

How a Lightning Rod Works
http://science.howstuffworks.com/nature/natural-disasters/lightning7.htm
http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/estatics/Lesson-4/Lightning
Use these web pages to learn about lightning and how a lightning rod protects people from it.


Page 309
Find out more about reading a home electricity meter.

Meter Reading
https://secure.newfoundlandpower.com/CustomerRelations/YourAccount/MeterReading/Default.aspx
Learn about electricity meters from Newfoundland Power.


Page 394
Just like you can check the weather near your home on the Internet, there are websites that provide information about space weather. Find out more about what types of data are included.

Space Weather Canada

http://www.spaceweather.gc.ca/index-eng.php
Discover what Natural Resources Canada does to monitor space weather.

The Space Weather Monitor Program
http://sid.stanford.edu/
Learn about the agencies that monitor space weather.

Space Weather Station
http://thewatchers.adorraeli.com/space-weather-station/
Monitor space weather in real time.


Page 403
The giant impact theory of the Moon's origin explains much of the evidence we can observe, but there have been four other popular theories about its formation. Find out more about these theories.

Theories of Formation for the Moon
http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr161/lect/moon/moon_formation.html
http://www.space.com/25322-moon-formation-wild-theories.html
See how the impact theory compares with other ideas that have been proposed.


Page 416
Many different technologies are involved in designing and improving the components of space suits. Learn more about the features of current space suits.

The Evolution of the Spacesuit
http://www.wired.com/2011/10/spacesuit-evolution/

How Space Suits Work
http://science.howstuffworks.com/space-suit4.htm

Shrink-wrapping Spacesuits

http://newsoffice.mit.edu/2014/second-skin-spacesuits-0918
Start by reading about how spacesuits have changed over time. Then read how modern space suits work, and follow with a revolutionary idea for future suits.


Page 448
In 1987, a team of Canadian and Chilean astronomers reported a supernova, Supernova 1987A, that was clearly visible during the day in the southern hemisphere. Learn more about this supernova.

Supernova 1987A in the Large Magellanic Cloud
http://heritage.stsci.edu/1999/04/sn1987anino.html
http://www.astronomynow.com/news/n1202/23sn/
http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/badastronomy/2012/02/23/happy-25th-annniversary-supernova-1987a/
Read about the discovery and its anniversary on these web pages.


Page 457
Many secrets of the universe are revealed when we use instruments that search for energy from all parts of the electromagnetic spectrum, not just the narrow band of visible light. Research the different types of telescopes that obtain "non-visible" information about celestial objects, the frequencies that they detect, and the information that they allow us to "see".

Observatories across the Electromagnetic Spectrum
http://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/science/know_l2/emspectrum.html
http://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/science/know_l2/emspectrum_observatories.html
http://earthsky.org/space/what-is-the-electromagnetic-spectrum
Learn about the electromagnetic spectrum and the telescopes designed to “see” the universe with these spectral frequencies.

Unit 1 Internet Connects

Page 5
Find out more about the work of Lee Wilson and his colleagues

Dr. Lee Wilson University of Saskatchewan, Indigenous Science
http://www.attheedgeofcanada.com/2012/01/dr-lee-wilson-university-of.html

U of S PhD student invents product to clean water
http://www.ckom.com/story/u-s-phd-student-invents-product-clean-water/108934

Lee Wilson Interview – podcast
http://archive.org/download/LeeWilsonAndScience/LeeWilson.mp3
Learn more about Dr. Lee Wilson and his work with these web links. Be sure to check out the podcast interview.


Page 108
Many crop plants have been genetically modified to change or enhance certain characteristics. Find out which products have been approved by Health Canada for human consumption.

What are Novel Foods and Genetically Modified (GM) Foods?
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/gmf-agm/index-eng.php

Frequently Asked Questions – Biotechnology and Genetically Modified Foods
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/gmf-agm/fs-if/faq_1-eng.php
These two web pages from Health Canada help provide context for the Table of Novel Food Decisions in the next link provided.

Health Canada – Approved Products
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/gmf-agm/appro/index-eng.php
This web page provides a Table of Novel Food Decisions.

Unit 2 Internet Connects

Page 125
There are other types of mutations that can alter the information in DNA. Find out more.

What Kinds of Gene Mutations Are Possible?
http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/mutationsanddisorders/possiblemutations
The Genetics Home Reference from the U.S. National Institutes of Health provides information here.

DNA Is Constantly Changing through the Process of Mutation
http://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/dna-is-constantly-changing-through-the-process-6524898
Nature Education provides information here.

DNA – Mutations
http://www.chemguide.co.uk/organicprops/aminoacids/dna6.html
Information from a chemistry-oriented perspective is found on this web page, which is part of a popular online chemistry textbook from the UK


Page 126
Canadian scientists helped discover the cystic fibrosis gene. Find out more about how they found the location of the gene and what the work of molecular geneticists involves.

Profile - Lap-Chee Tsui

http://www.science.ca/scientists/scientistprofile.php?pID=19
http://www.ctvnews.ca/health/health-headlines/researchers-still-building-on-cystic-fibrosis-gene-discovery-25-years-later-1.2008837
Read the story of how the gene that causes cystic fibrosis was discovered. Then read an article from CTV News that follows up on Dr. Tsui’s work 25 years later.


Page 145
Find out more about the cell cycle.

The Cell Cycle
http://www.cellsalive.com/cell_cycle.htm
http://www.biology.arizona.edu/cell_bio/tutorials/cell_cycle/main.html
http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/C/CellCycle.html
http://www.nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/2001/index.html
Learn about the cell cycle with any or all of these web pages. All but one of them include interactive modules.


Page 189
Bees are attracted to flowers not only for their pollen and nectar. Bees can increase their body temperature by seeking out certain flowers that generate heat energy. Find out more about this relationship.

Bees Like It Hot: Pollinators Prefer Warm Flowers, Study Reveals
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006/08/060802-warm-flowers.html

Bees Can Predict Temperature in Flowers
http://www.livescience.com/925-bees-predict-temperature-flowers.html

Warm Flowers, Happy Polinators
http://chittkalab.sbcs.qmul.ac.uk/popular%20scientific%20articles/Whitney_Chittka_Biologist07.pdf
Use the two web page articles to find out about the relationship between bees and flower temperature, and then read a PDF written by the people who discovered the relationship.


Page 199
Follow the week-by-week development of an embryo and a fetus until birth.

Fetal Development Week by Week
http://www.babycenter.ca/pregnancy-week-by-week?ModPagespeed=noscript
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002398.htm
http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/womens_health_issues/normal_pregnancy/stages_of_development_of_the_fetus.html
These web pages outline embryonic and fetal development.


Page 209
Try simulating the cloning process yourself.

Click and Clone
http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/cloning/clickandclone/
The Genetic Science Learning Center provides an accessible online simulation for cloning

Unit 3 Internet Connects

Page 225
Find out about electric and hybrid vehicles.

Electric Vehicles and Hybrid Vehicles
http://electricvehicles.caa.ca/electric-vehicles-available-in-canada/hybrid-electric-vehicles-available-in-canada/
http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/hybridtech.shtml
http://blog.ucsusa.org/comparing-electric-vehicles-hybrid-vs-bev-vs-phev-vs-fcev-411
These web links can help you investigate and compare electric and hybrid cars.


Page 233
Beyond the study of static electricity, the Van de Graaff generator has applications with X-ray tubes, food sterilization, and nuclear physics experiments. Learn more about these applications.

Applications of Electrostatics

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/science/add_gateway_pre_2011/radiation/electrostaticsusesrev1.shtml
http://www.miniphysics.com/applications-of-electrostatics.html
http://www.imagesco.com/articles/high-voltage/van_de_graaf.html
Use these web pages to find out about applications of Van de Graaff generators.


Page 240
A lightning rod is charged by induction, just like the knob on the electroscope. Find out more about how lightning rods work.

How a Lightning Rod Works
http://science.howstuffworks.com/nature/natural-disasters/lightning7.htm
http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/estatics/Lesson-4/Lightning
Use these web pages to learn about lightning and how a lightning rod protects people from it.


Page 309
Find out more about reading a home electricity meter.

Meter Reading
https://secure.newfoundlandpower.com/CustomerRelations/YourAccount/MeterReading/Default.aspx
Learn about electricity meters from Newfoundland Power.

Unit 4 Internet Connects

Page 394
Just like you can check the weather near your home on the Internet, there are websites that provide information about space weather. Find out more about what types of data are included.

Space Weather Canada
http://www.spaceweather.gc.ca/index-eng.php
Discover what Natural Resources Canada does to monitor space weather.

The Space Weather Monitor Program
http://sid.stanford.edu/
Learn about the agencies that monitor space weather.

Space Weather Station
http://thewatchers.adorraeli.com/space-weather-station/
Monitor space weather in real time.


Page 403
The giant impact theory of the Moon's origin explains much of the evidence we can observe, but there have been four other popular theories about its formation. Find out more about these theories.

Theories of Formation for the Moon
http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr161/lect/moon/moon_formation.html
http://www.space.com/25322-moon-formation-wild-theories.html
See how the impact theory compares with other ideas that have been proposed.


Page 416
Many different technologies are involved in designing and improving the components of space suits. Learn more about the features of current space suits.

The Evolution of the Spacesuit
http://www.wired.com/2011/10/spacesuit-evolution/

How Space Suits Work
http://science.howstuffworks.com/space-suit4.htm

Shrink-wrapping Spacesuits
http://newsoffice.mit.edu/2014/second-skin-spacesuits-0918
Start by reading about how spacesuits have changed over time. Then read how modern space suits work, and follow with a revolutionary idea for future suits.


Page 448
In 1987, a team of Canadian and Chilean astronomers reported a supernova, Supernova 1987A, that was clearly visible during the day in the southern hemisphere. Learn more about this supernova.

Supernova 1987A in the Large Magellanic Cloud
http://heritage.stsci.edu/1999/04/sn1987anino.html
http://www.astronomynow.com/news/n1202/23sn/
http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/badastronomy/2012/02/23/happy-25th-annniversary-supernova-1987a/
Read about the discovery and its anniversary on these web pages.


Page 457
Many secrets of the universe are revealed when we use instruments that search for energy from all parts of the electromagnetic spectrum, not just the narrow band of visible light. Research the different types of telescopes that obtain "non-visible" information about celestial objects, the frequencies that they detect, and the information that they allow us to "see".

Observatories across the Electromagnetic Spectrum
http://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/science/know_l2/emspectrum.html
http://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/science/know_l2/emspectrum_observatories.html
http://earthsky.org/space/what-is-the-electromagnetic-spectrum
Learn about the electromagnetic spectrum and the telescopes designed to “see” the universe with these spectral frequencies.