Discovering Science 7


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Introduction

Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Chapter 11
Chapter 12

Science Skills
Glossary
Index/Credits




Internet Connects

Page 5
Find out more about the effects of logging on organisms in Newfoundland and Labrador

The Main River Ecosystem
http://www.greatcanadianrivers.com/rivers/main/species-home.html
Describes the role of the old growth forests of the Main River, with particular attention to the impact of logging on the Newfoundland pine marten.

Page 10
You can learn more about ecosystems in Newfoundland and Labrador from the Internet.

Ecosystems, Ecoregions and Biodiversity
http://www.ed.gov.nl.ca/edu/k12/curriculum/documents/science/highschool/ES3205_student_text_chapter_3.pdf
Part of the resource material developed for Newfoundland and Labrador’s Environmental Science course

Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Environment and Conservation Publications – Parks and Natural Areas
http://www.env.gov.nl.ca/env/publications/parks/
A wealth of downloadable brochures, guidebooks, and other publications related to ecosystems of the province

Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage: Eco-regions of Newfoundland

http://www.heritage.nf.ca/environment/ecoregions_nfld.html#top
Describes the zones of the province and their distinct geographies and organisms

Newfoundland Ecosystems Web Page

http://www.bishops.k12.nf.ca/science/envsci/ecosystems/index.html
You can learn more about ecosystems in Newfoundland and Labrador from the Internet.


Page 25
The cat-like Newfoundland marten is one of the most endangered animals in the world. The total population numbers about 300 individuals, all of which live on the island of Newfoundland. Find out more about this animal and its habitat.

Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Environment and Conservation Species at Risk
http://www.env.gov.nl.ca/env/wildlife/endangeredspecies/Marten-Recovery-Plan.pdf
Provides information about the provincial recovery plan for the Newfoundland subspecies of the American marten

Parks Canada Species at Risk
http://www.pc.gc.ca/eng/nature/eep-sar/itm5/eep-sar5b.aspx
Provides information about the Newfoundland marten in Terra Nova National Park.


Page 87
Are you interested in volunteering to be part of a monitoring program in your area?

Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society Newfoundland and Labrador Chapter
http://cpawsnl.org/campaigns/seabird-conservation-and-habitat-improvement-program-the-puffin-and-petrel
Learn about volunteer opportunities for the puffin and petrol patrol.

Nature Conservancy Canada
http://www.natureconservancy.ca/en/what-you-can-do/conservation-volunteers/about_conservation_volunteers.html
Find out activities that you can join to help monitor and conserve nature in your region.

EMAN: Get Involved
http://www.eman-rese.ca/eman/program/involve01.html
Are you interested in volunteering to be part of a monitoring program in your area?


Page 91
In what ways is climate change linked to the health of people and other organisms in Canada?

Health Canada Climate Change and Health
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/pubs/climat/index-eng.php
Provides a variety of reports and publications about climate change issues that affect the health of Canadians

Public Health Agency of Canada Climate Change and Public Health Fact sheets
http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/hp-ps/eph-esp/fs-fi-a-eng.php
Provides information as well as links to other webpages outlining health-related effects of climate change.

David Suzuki Foundation: Climate Change: Health Impacts
http://www.davidsuzuki.org/Climate_Change/Impacts/Health/
In what ways is climate change linked to the health of people and other organisms in Canada?


Page 106
Nearly all of Earth’s heat comes from the Sun. Why are regions near the equator so much warmer than regions, such as Canada, that are farther from the equator? How do average temperatures differ between Canada and Brazil, a country in South America?

Hong Kong Observatory
http://www.hko.gov.hk/education/edu06nature/ele_srad_e.htm
Find out why the equator is hotter than the poles.

Live Science
http://www.livescience.com/25202-seasons.html
Discover how Earth’s tilt provides reasons for the seasons.

Hands-on Learning International
http://handsonlearninginternational.org/Activities/365SimpleSciExperimentsPart332.pdf

Statistics Canada
http://www.statcan.gc.ca/tables-tableaux/sum-som/l01/cst01/phys08b-eng.htm
Compare weather conditions in capital cities of Canada with weather conditions in major cities around the world.

World Weather and Climate Information

http://www.weather-and-climate.com/
View weather and climate information for just about every country on Earth.

Climate Zones
http://cseligman.com/text/sky/climate.htm


Page 113
Learn more about preventing and treating hypothermia.

Mayo Clinic
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hypothermia/basics/prevention/con-20020453
Learn how to prevent and treat hypothermia.

Canadian Red Cross
http://www.redcross.ca/who-we-are/red-cross-stories/2013/hypothermia-and-the-dangers-of-cold-water--stay-informed-to-stay-safe
Find out about hypothermia and how to prevent it.

Hypothermia and Frostbite
http://bodyandhealth.canada.com/channel_condition_info_details.asp?disease_id=256&channel...
Learn more about preventing and treating hypothermia by doing research on the Internet.


Page 127

All living bodies give off a lot of infrared radiation. Doctors can use thermograms of body parts
to help with the diagnosis of a medical problem. Learn more about body thermograms.

CBC News – Newfoundland & Labrador

http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/newfoundland-labrador/cease-and-desist-letter-stops-diagnostic-test-cold-1.1140217
Read about an investigation into improper use of thermograms.

United States Department of Health & Human Services
http://www.fda.gov/ICECI/EnforcementActions/WarningLetters/ucm249863.htm
Find out more about the improper use of thermograms.


Page 141
You cannot see the motion of the particles in an object or substance, so it might be difficult to understand their motion. There are animations on the Internet that illustrate the motion of particles in relation to temperature.

The Structure of Matter: KMT (Kinetic Molecular Theory)

http://preparatorychemistry.com/KMT_flash.htm
This animation is aimed at older students but demonstrates the basic ideas in ways that are understandable.

Kinetic Molecular Theory
https://www.classzone.com/books/ml_science_share/vis_sim/mem05_pg101_kintheory/mem05_pg101_kintheory.html
Explore the motion of particles in this interactive animation.


Page 178
There are animations on the Internet that illustrate convection currents.

Convection Current
http://esamultimedia.esa.int/docs/issedukit/en/activities/flash/start_toolbar.html#ex11_gm01.swf
Use this animation to watch convection currents with and without Earth gravity conditions.

Heat Transfer
https://www.wisc-online.com/learn/abe-ell/science/sce514/heat-transfer-flash-version
Convection and other methods of heat transfer are available on this website.


Page 194
Glass, stoneware, and ceramic cookware are poor conductors of heat. Why do you think that
people cook with these products? You can find some important information about cookware on the Internet.

Cooking Methods
http://www.cookware.org/tools_1.php
Learn about cooking from the Cookware Manufacturers Association.

Cooking Methods and Materials

http://www.tufts.edu/as/tampl/en43/lecture_notes/ch2.html
Find out about cookware from a gourmet engineering course.


Page 229
Archimedes had much to say “eureka” about in his lifetime. Find out about his inventions and
accomplishments.

Archimedes
http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/People/Archimedes/
Learn about Archimedes from this website about ancient Greece.

The Discoveries of Archimedes
http://www.getty.edu/art/exhibitions/sicily/archimedes.html
The Getty Museum has text, visuals, and a video to showcase inventions of Archimedes.

Archimedes
http://www-maths.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/~gmp/gmpANA.html
This website emphasizes the mathematical achievements of Archimedes.

Archimedes Home Page
http://www.mcs.drexel.edu/%7Ecrorres/Archimedes/contents.html


Page 245
Many years ago, when you poured yourself a glass of milk, the fat globules floated to the top. There, they clumped together to form a layer of cream. Today, milk is homogenized. What does that mean? Is homogenized milk really homogeneous?

What Is Homogenized Milk?
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-homogenized-milk.htm
Discover all you ever wanted to know about milk, and more.

Mixtures
http://www.school-for-champions.com/chemistry/mixtures.htm
Find out about milk and many other mixtures on this site.

Colloids
http://chemwiki.ucdavis.edu/Physical_Chemistry/Physical_Properties_of_Matter/Solutions_and_Mixtures/Colloid
Learn about the properties of the class of mixtures called colloids.


Page 258
Find out how nanotechnology and other methods are helping people dissolve dirt and other impurities that have invaded great works of art.

The Nanoscience of Art Restoration

http://www.zdnet.com/blog/emergingtech/the-nanoscience-of-art-restoration/390
See how masterpieces of the Renaissance are being saved with the help of nanotechnology.

Nanotechnology Helping Cultural Heritage

http://worldculturalheritagevoices.org/nanotechnology-helping-cultural-heritage/
Find out how nanotech is helping to preserve heritage works.

Scientists Develop Tool to Help Restore Fresco Paintings
http://www.azobuild.com/news.asp?newsID=2380

Nanotechnology Saves Renaissance Masterpieces, Mayan Wall Paintings, and Od Shipwrecks
http://www.nanowerk.com/spotlight/spotid=941.php


Page 283
Earthquakes, floods, and other natural disasters often destroy the pipes that bring drinking water to a community. One of the risks to survivors is drinking contaminated water. How could you purify water in an emergency, using only energy from the Sun?

High-Tech Materials Purify Water with Sunlight

http://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/pressroom/newsreleases/2014/march/high-tech-materials-purify-water-with-sunlight.html
This site explains how some high and low tech can be used to purify water.

Can The Sun's Energy Be Used To Clean Water?

http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/green-science/sun-clean-water.htm
http://solarforemergencies.com/sfe/purewater.html
How a solar still can help purify water

Sunlight Not the Solution for Clean Water
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2009/08/090818-clean-water-sunlight/
A popular solution for clean water is examined in this web article.

Emergency Disinfection of Drinking Water

http://www.epa.gov/safewater/faq/emerg.html


Page 294
Aspirin™, basketballs, chewing gum, duct tape, eyeglass lenses, and fertilizer are some of the
products that are made from petrochemicals. Can you keep this alphabetical list going? Find
a petrochemical product for each letter of the alphabet.

Petrochemicals
http://www.afpm.org/WorkArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=3612
This PDF from American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers has a mind-blowing listing of petrochemical products.

A partial list of products made from petroleum
http://www.ranken-energy.com/Products%20from%20Petroleum.htm


Page 295
The hydromet (hydrometallurgical) process is used to separate desired substances such as nickel and copper from their ores at mining operations such as the Voisey’s Bay Project. How does this process work?

Hydromet Technology
http://www.vale.com/canada/EN/business/mining/nickel/vale-canada/long-harbour/Pages/Hydromet-Technology.aspx
Find out about the hydrometallurgical process here.


Page 313
Find out more about Gilbert Hay and other artists who work with rocks and minerals.

Art Gallery of Newfoundland & Labrador
http://www.heritage.nf.ca/arts/agnl/hay.html
Find information about Gilbert Hay here.

Inuit Art Alive
http://www.inuitartalive.ca/index_e.php?p=166
Find information about Gilbert Hay here.

Inuit Art Zone
http://www.inuitartzone.com/carving_stones_s/81.htm
Learn about artists and the types of materials they use.


Page 344
Learn about the history of limestone production in our province in Chapter IV of Once Upon a Mine, the Story of Pre-Confederation Mines on the island of Newfoundland.

Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage

http://www.heritage.nf.ca/environment/mine/ch4p1.html
Read about limestone production, and more, in this online book about the mines of the island of Newfoundland before confederation.


Page 358
Scientists have discovered an area on the seafloor where the mantle is exposed without a covering of crust. They have sent a submersible to take photographs of the area and drill into the olivine rock found there. You can find out more about the expedition.

Mission to Study Earth's Gaping 'Open Wound'

http://www.livescience.com/1317-mission-study-earth-gaping-open-wound.html
Read about the seafloor region where Earth’s mantle is exposed.

JC007: Drilling the Mid-Atlantic Ridge
http://www.classroomatsea.net/JC007/index.html
Use the links to find out about the mission to explore the exposed seafloor mantle.


Page 367
You can watch simulations of divergent, convergent, and transform boundaries on the Internet.

Exploring Earth
https://www.classzone.com/books/earth_science/terc/content/visualizations/es0804/es0804page01.cfm?chapter_no=visualization
View animations of plate-boundary motion

Plate Tectonics
https://ees.as.uky.edu/sites/default/files/elearning/module04swf.swf
Use the navigation buttons to explore plate movements in detail.

Plate Tectonics 1
http://www.visionlearning.com/library/module_viewer.php?mid=65&l=&c3

A Science Odyssey: You Try It: Plate Tectonics
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/tryit/tectonics/

Plate tectonic Movements
http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/visualization/collections/PTMovements.html
Plate movements are an example of incremental change, which is change that happens slowly. Where might the plates be in a million years? In a billion years? Find a simulation of plate movements predicted for the next four billion years.


Page 379
You can compare arrival times of seismic waves and locate the epicentre of earthquakes online.

Virtual Earthquake
http://www.sciencecourseware.com/virtualearthquake/vquakeexecute.html
Spend some time exploring earthquakes with this website.

Virtual Courseware: Earthquake

http://www.sciencecourseware.com/eec/Earthquake/

Putting Down Roots in Earthquake Country

http://www.earthquakecountry.info/roots/cover.html
The focus of this educational site is southern California.

Active Volcanoes: Surtsey, Iceland

http://www.vulkaner.no/v/volcan/surtsey_e.html
In November of 1963 the crew of a trawler noticed smoke from the ocean off the coast of Iceland. When they went to investigate, they discovered it was an underwater eruption. Within a few days the eruption had created an island. With continued eruptions, the island grew for the next four years. Find out more about the island of Surtsey.

The Surtsey Research Society
http://www.surtsey.is/index_eng.htm


Page 394
In Gros Morne National Park, geological features that usually lie deep underground are exposed at the surface. The park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site to preserve its unique geological landscape. Find out more about Gros Morne National Park.

Gros Morne National Park

http://www.newfoundlandlabrador.com/placestogo/grosmornenationalpark
Visit the region virtually with this provincial website.

UNESCO
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/419
View Gros Morne National Park as it seen through the eyes of the international community.


Page 397
The recent discoveries of Ediacaran fossils and other evidence of Precambrian life have led to some proposed changes to the geologic time scale. Find out more about the revised geologic time scale.

Ediacaran Period
http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/history_of_the_earth/Ediacaran
See the new Ediacaran period in the context of other geologic time periods.

The Ediacaran Period

http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/vendian/ediacaran.php
Read about the Ediacaran period here.

Geological Survey
http://www.nr.gov.nl.ca/mines&en/geosurvey/education/fossils.stm
Find out more about the fossils of Newfoundland and Labrador.


Page 413
Find out why the province of Newfoundland and Labrador is sometimes called “Earth’s Geological Showcase.”

Johnson Geo Centre
http://www.geocentre.ca/
Visit the Johnson Geo Centre online.

The Johnson GEO CENTRE: Earth’s Geological Showcase
http://journals.hil.unb.ca/index.php/GC/article/view/12594/13475
This article can be read online or downloaded as a PDF.


Page 433
Desertification is happening in Canada as well as in other countries of the world. Find out
more about desertification in Canada.

Desertification Is Too Important For Canada To Ignore
http://www.davidsuzuki.org/blogs/science-matters/2013/04/desertification-is-too-important-for-canada-to-ignore/
Learn about Canada and desertification from the website of one of Canada’s premier environmental educators.

Canada Pulls Out of U.N. Body to Fight Desertification

http://www.ipsnews.net/2013/03/canada-pulls-out-of-u-n-body-to-fight-desertification/
Canada and desertification can be investigated here.

Internet Connect

Page 5
Find out more about the effects of logging on organisms in Newfoundland and Labrador

The Main River Ecosystem
http://www.greatcanadianrivers.com/rivers/main/species-home.html
Describes the role of the old growth forests of the Main River, with particular attention to the impact of logging on the Newfoundland pine marten.


Page 10
You can learn more about ecosystems in Newfoundland and Labrador from the Internet.

Ecosystems, Eco-regions and Biodiversity

http://www.ed.gov.nl.ca/edu/k12/curriculum/documents/science/highschool/ES3205_student_text_chapter_3.pdf
Part of the resource material developed for Newfoundland and Labrador’s Environmental Science course

Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Environment and Conservation Publications – Parks and Natural Areas

http://www.env.gov.nl.ca/env/publications/parks/
A wealth of downloadable brochures, guidebooks, and other publications related to ecosystems of the province

Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage: Eco-regions of Newfoundland

http://www.heritage.nf.ca/environment/ecoregions_nfld.html#top
Describes the zones of the province and their distinct geographies and organisms

Newfoundland Ecosystems Web Page
http://www.bishops.k12.nf.ca/science/envsci/ecosystems/index.html
You can learn more about ecosystems in Newfoundland and Labrador from the Internet.


Page 25
The cat-like Newfoundland marten is one of the most endangered animals in the world. The total population numbers about 300 individuals, all of which live on the island of Newfoundland. Find out more about this animal and its habitat.

Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Environment and Conservation Species at Risk
http://www.env.gov.nl.ca/env/wildlife/endangeredspecies/Marten-Recovery-Plan.pdf
Provides information about the provincial recovery plan for the Newfoundland subspecies of the American marten

Parks Canada Species at Risk

http://www.pc.gc.ca/eng/nature/eep-sar/itm5/eep-sar5b.aspx
Provides information about the Newfoundland marten in Terra Nova National Park.

Internet Connects Web Links


Page 7 Canada is at the forefront of deep-sea research and technology. Find out where thi...
California State University history program website, with key constitutional legislation from major democracies.
( http://public.csusm.edu/public/guests/history/docs/constitution_acts/ )
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
Department of Canadian Heritage Human Rights Directorate: Text of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
( http://canada.justice.gc.ca/Loireg/charte/const_en.html )
Torts and tort law
U.S.A tort and negligence law regarding personal injury
( http://www.legal-database.com/personal-injury.htm )
The Continuing Legal Education Society of British Columbia
The tort of abuse of public office, commentary on an emerging new area of tort law
( http://www.cle.bc.ca/CLE/Analysis/Collection/01-5033101-abuseofpublicoffice.htm )

REVScience Student Essentials Web Links


Exploring Acids and Bases
Do this experiment at home using red cabbage and ordinary household chemicals. You can print out the page and fill in the blanks.
( http://scifun.chem.wisc.edu/homeexpts/ACIDBASE.html )
Test Your Knowledge About Hazardous Waste in Your Home
Test your knowledge of how to dispose of hazardous wastes.
( http://www.learner.org/exhibits/garbage/hazardous/ )
WHMIS -- Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System
This web page includes questions and answers, along with a label to interpret, which provide a good review of the WHMIS information in your textbook.
( http://www.worksafesask.ca/files/ont_csao/csao31c.html )
MathMol Hypermedia Textbook: Mass
Take this excellent on-line tutorial from the MathMol site about mass and volume. Animations, on-line quizzes, movies, and examples are included.
( http://www.nyu.edu/pages/mathmol/textbook/mass.html )
Gases, Liquids, and Solids
Examine the microscopic structure of the three states of matter by means of animated illustrations. Look at the chart that summarizes the properties of gases, liquids, and solids and identifies the microscopic behavior responsible for each property.
( http://www.chem.purdue.edu/gchelp/liquids/character.html )
Mystery Powders
Choose "Investigating Powders Lab (Part I)" and then "Mystery Powders (Part II)." First, find the properties of various white powders, and then solve a crime by identifying two mystery powders.
( http://www.lnhs.org/hayhurst/ips/mysterypowder2.htm )
How Fireworks Work
Learn about the chemistry behind the way fireworks work. You may be familiar with many of the chemicals used to make fireworks.
( http://science.howstuffworks.com/fireworks.htm )
Purifying Drinking Water
Read each step described here and look at the illustration to discover how city drinking water is purified.
( http://www.eng.ucalgary.ca/CSCE-students/E_watertreatment2.htm )
Periodic Table Song – "The Elements"
Tom Lehrer entertains you on the subject of the elements, as Gilbert and Sullivan might present them.
( http://www.privatehand.com/flash/elements.html )
Properties of Matter at IPPEX ONLINE
Learn the difference between atoms, ions, elements, and molecules. Explore what kinds of changes occur in matter. Learn about the structures and properties of the four states of matter, including plasma.
( http://ippex.pppl.gov/interactive/matter/intro.html )
Why are metals good conductors of heat and electricity?
This site explains by means of text and animations why metals are so good at conducting heat.
( http://www.coruseducation.com/schoolscience/KS5specialiststeels/steelch1pg2.html )
The History of Soaps and Detergents
This site details the history of soaps and detergents. Did you know that the term BO, or "Bad Odor," was invented by a soap marketing company?
( http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blsoap.htm )
ConsumerSearch
Explore any consumer product and check the reviews. You can become a better consumer by researching what others know about a product before you buy.
( http://www.consumersearch.com )
The Power of Electricity
This animated Flash tutorial explains how electricity works.
( http://users.pipeline.com.au/jpearce/HowElectricityWorks.swf )
Air Battery
Make a battery that works with air and saltwater.
( http://www.miniscience.com/projects/airbattery/ )
Electricity and Magnetism!
This animated module introduces many of the basic concepts involved with electricity and magnetism, such as static charge, moving charge, voltage, resistance, and current. You will also learn about magnetism and how it relates to electricity.
( http://ippex.pppl.gov/interactive/electricity/ )
Measuring Current
In this activity you will use two current-measuring devices to explore the properties of current.
( http://www.jets.org/electronicsworkbench/activity03/activity3.html )
Measuring Voltage
Practice using two different voltage-measuring devices in this on-line simulation.
( http://www.interactiv.com/understandelectricity/activity02/activity02.html )
What Is a Circuit?
Create series and parallel circuits following the instructions at this site.
( http://www.thetech.org/exhibits/online/topics/12j.html )
OhmZone
Using this on-line Shockwave simulation, you can build any circuit you want. This site has explanations and visualizations to help you understand.
( http://www.article19.com/shockwave/oz.htm )
How Wires, Fuses and Connectors Work
Find out how wires, fuses, and connectors work at this excellent site, which [js] through clear explanations and illustrations.
( http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/wfc.htm )
Beakman's Electric Motor
This is a beautiful, simple electric motor that you can build easily. The instructions are easy to follow and the results are most pleasing.
( http://fly.hiwaay.net:80/~palmer/motor.html )
How to Read Your Electricity Meter
These instructions on how to read your electricity meter come from Manitoba Hydro.
( http://www.hydro.mb.ca/your_service/how_to_read_meter.shtml )
Test Your Meter Reading Skill
Put your electricity meter reading skills to the test with this fun, interactive exercise!
( http://www.londonhydro.com/meter/meter_reading.html#test )
Using the Microscope
Try this on-line fill-in-the-blank exercise. You can check your work when you have finished.
( http://science.nhmccd.edu/biol/dropdrag/using.htm )
Virtual Microscopy Magnification Module [TEACHER]
This interactive Java tutorial explores the effect of increasing magnification (equivalent to changing microscope objectives) on the ability to resolve features in a sample.
( http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/virtual/magnifying/ )
Cells Alive
The head of a pin is about 2 mm in diameter. Use this animation to compare the relative sizes of cells and organisms.
( http://www.cellsalive.com/howbig.htm )
Microscope Parts Descriptions
You can complete and submit this microscope parts quiz on line. Click the Hint button if you need help.
( http://science.nhmccd.edu/biol/dropdrag/microscope2.htm )
University of Alberta Biological Sciences
This on-line animation shows you how to prepare a wet mount slide.
( http://www.biology.ualberta.ca/facilities/multimedia/uploads/procedures/slip.html )
Interactive Body
Build a skeleton, stretch some muscles, and organize the organs in this interactive body.
( http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/humanbody/body/index_interactivebody.shtml )
The Virtual Body
The Virtual Body explores the human brain, skeleton, heart, and digestive systems. Each system is animated and has an accompanying narration. You can play several practice "games" to review how the organ systems are organized.
( http://www.ehc.com/vbody.asp )
Beacon Lesson Plan Library: Body Systems
This activity is scheduled to take place after students have read and discussed an overview of the systems of the human body from their textbooks and other supplementary material. The students research and write a report, using the Body System Research Rubric as a guide. Includes resource links and rubric
( http://www.beaconlearningcenter.com/Lessons/3.htm )
Virtual Frog
Dissect a frog on line with this excellent "virtual dissection." Images, movies, text, and interactive exercises are all included.
( http://curry.edschool.virginia.edu/go/frog/ )
The Whole Frog Project
This award-winning interactive program is part of the "Whole Frog" project. You can interactively dissect a (digitized) frog named Fluffy, and play the Virtual Frog Builder Game.
( http://froggy.lbl.gov/virtual/ )
Frog Dissection Checklist
Use this printable frog dissection checklist to help you find the important organs.
( http://www.execulink.com/~ekimmel/central/dissect3.htm )
Unusual Plants
Plants may seem dull to some people, but in fact plants are not just boring old green things that grow in the ground. For example, one plant discussed here has a built-in first aid kit.
( http://biology.about.com/od/plantbiology/a/aa090405a.htm )
Environment Canada Kids' Corner
Try this experiment to explore the effects of acid rain on plant growth.
( http://www.ec.gc.ca/acidrain/kids-5-8.html )
Simply Science
This on-line Flash tutorial shows you how tree roots contribute to the weathering and erosion of rocks.
( http://users.pipeline.com.au/jpearce/rock_weather.swf )
The Virtual Microscope
Use a virtual microscope to look at phloem and xylem in a leaf. You can choose the magnification and move the specimen around under the virtual lens.
( http://www.purchon.com/biology/xylem.htm )
Myths of the Common Cold
This comprehensive, updated, and well-referenced source of information dispels many myths about the common cold.
( http://www.commoncold.org/special1.htm )
KidsHealth: Chilling Out with Colds
This information about colds is entertaining and includes helpful advice.
( http://www.kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/body/colds.html )
Beauty and Body Art Safety
Beauty and Body Art Safety explains how to make sure all procedures are safe, for manicures, tattooing, body piercing, and other beauty and health services. This web site gives tips for both customers and artists.
( http://www.region.durham.on.ca/health.asp?nr=/departments/health/health_protection/pss/ps... )
Information Paragraphs

( http://www-chi.nearnorth.edu.on.ca/literacy/Writing/Information/information_paragraph.htm )
Solving Problems with the Scientific Method
These two sites provide on-line coaching in writing the Information Paragraph and a quick review of scientific inquiry.
( http://www.studygs.net/scimethod.htm )
Kitchen Chemistry
This Discovery Channel web site presents the science behind cooking.
( http://www.discoverychannel.co.uk/science/kitchen_chemistry/ )
Our Daily Bread
In this investigation into how bread is made, discover what goes into your bread. Once you have found out about the ingredients, follow the instructions to bake some bread.
( http://home.bellaireps.vic.edu.au/students/Simply_Science/Bread/Home.htm )
Bag a McMeal
Create your own McDonald's meal by selecting menu items, and then get the nutrition facts.
( http://app.mcdonalds.com/bagamcmeal )
ScienCentral News
Cosmetics companies are always launching new products. But how many of them can really get deep down to revitalize your complexion? You can watch the on-line video, but you must register first.
( http://www.sciencentral.com/articles/view.php3?language=english&type=article&article_id=2... )
Toothpaste Reviews
Choose the best toothpaste! Reviews of various toothpastes are summarized, and the source of the review is given. Lots of information!
( http://www.consumersearch.com/www/family/toothpaste/reviews.html )
How Tooth Whitening Works
Ever wondered how tooth whitening work? This article explains.
( http://health.howstuffworks.com/tooth-whitening.htm )
Career Planning
This site is an excellent way to explore careers. It includes The First Step: Self-Analysis, Curricula & Guides, General Career Information, Career Club Guide, and Specific Career Information.
( http://www.reachoutmichigan.org/exploringsci/career.html )

Internet Connect

Chapter 2 does not contain any Internet Connects. There is no content available.

Internet Connect

Page 87
Are you interested in volunteering to be part of a monitoring program in your area?

Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society Newfoundland and Labrador Chapter

http://cpawsnl.org/campaigns/seabird-conservation-and-habitat-improvement-program-the-puffin-and-petrel
Learn about volunteer opportunities for the puffin and petrol patrol.

Nature Conservancy Canada
http://www.natureconservancy.ca/en/what-you-can-do/conservation-volunteers/about_conservation_volunteers.html
Find out activities that you can join to help monitor and conserve nature in your region.

EMAN: Get Involved
http://www.eman-rese.ca/eman/program/involve01.html
Are you interested in volunteering to be part of a monitoring program in your area?


Page 91
In what ways is climate change linked to the health of people and other organisms in Canada?

Health Canada Climate Change and Health

http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/pubs/climat/index-eng.php
Provides a variety of reports and publications about climate change issues that affect the health of Canadians

Public Health Agency of Canada Climate Change and Public Health Factsheets
http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/hp-ps/eph-esp/fs-fi-a-eng.php
Provides information as well as links to other webpages outlining health-related effects of climate change.

David Suzuki Foundation: Climate Change: Health Impacts
http://www.davidsuzuki.org/Climate_Change/Impacts/Health/
In what ways is climate change linked to the health of people and other organisms in Canada?

Internet Connect

Page 113
Learn more about preventing and treating hypothermia.

Mayo Clinic
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hypothermia/basics/prevention/con-20020453
Learn how to prevent and treat hypothermia.

Canadian Red Cross

http://www.redcross.ca/who-we-are/red-cross-stories/2013/hypothermia-and-the-dangers-of-cold-water--stay-informed-to-stay-safe
Find out about hypothermia and how to prevent it.

Hypothermia and Frostbite

http://bodyandhealth.canada.com/channel_condition_info_details.asp?disease_id=256&channel...
Learn more about preventing and treating hypothermia by doing research on the Internet.


Page 127
All living bodies give off a lot of infrared radiation. Doctors can use thermograms of body parts
to help with the diagnosis of a medical problem. Learn more about body thermograms.

CBC News – Newfoundland & Labrador
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/newfoundland-labrador/cease-and-desist-letter-stops-diagnostic-test-cold-1.1140217
Read about an investigation into improper use of thermograms.

United States Department of Health & Human Services
http://www.fda.gov/ICECI/EnforcementActions/WarningLetters/ucm249863.htm
Find out more about the improper use of thermograms.

Internet Connects

Page 141
You cannot see the motion of the particles in an object or substance, so it might be difficult to understand their motion. There are animations on the Internet that illustrate the motion of particles in relation to temperature.

The Structure of Matter: KMT (Kinetic Molecular Theory)
http://preparatorychemistry.com/KMT_flash.htm
This animation is aimed at older students but demonstrates the basic ideas in ways that are understandable.

Kinetic Molecular Theory
https://www.classzone.com/books/ml_science_share/vis_sim/mem05_pg101_kintheory/mem05_pg101_kintheory.html
Explore the motion of particles in this interactive animation.

Internet Connect

Page 178
There are animations on the Internet that illustrate convection currents.

Convection Current
http://esamultimedia.esa.int/docs/issedukit/en/activities/flash/start_toolbar.html#ex11_gm01.swf
Use this animation to watch convection currents with and without Earth gravity conditions.

Heat Transfer
https://www.wisc-online.com/learn/abe-ell/science/sce514/heat-transfer-flash-version
Convection and other methods of heat transfer are available on this website.


Page 194
Glass, stoneware, and ceramic cookware are poor conductors of heat. Why do you think that
people cook with these products? You can find some important information about cookware on the Internet.

Cooking Methods
http://www.cookware.org/tools_1.php
Learn about cooking from the Cookware Manufacturers Association.

Cooking Methods and Materials
http://www.tufts.edu/as/tampl/en43/lecture_notes/ch2.html
Find out about cookware from a gourmet engineering course.

Internet Connects

Page 245
Many years ago, when you poured yourself a glass of milk, the fat globules floated to the top. There, they clumped together to form a layer of cream. Today, milk is homogenized. What does that mean? Is homogenized milk really homogeneous?

What Is Homogenized Milk?

http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-homogenized-milk.htm
Discover all you ever wanted to know about milk, and more.

Mixtures
http://www.school-for-champions.com/chemistry/mixtures.htm
Find out about milk and many other mixtures on this site.

Colloids
http://chemwiki.ucdavis.edu/Physical_Chemistry/Physical_Properties_of_Matter/Solutions_and_Mixtures/Colloid
Learn about the properties of the class of mixtures called colloids.

Internet Connects

Page 258
Find out how nanotechnology and other methods are helping people dissolve dirt and other impurities that have invaded great works of art.

The Nanoscience of Art Restoration
http://www.zdnet.com/blog/emergingtech/the-nanoscience-of-art-restoration/390
See how masterpieces of the Renaissance are being saved with the help of nanotechnology.

Nanotechnology Helping Cultural Heritage
http://worldculturalheritagevoices.org/nanotechnology-helping-cultural-heritage/
Find out how nanotech is helping to preserve heritage works.

Scientists Develop Tool to Help Restore Fresco Paintings
http://www.azobuild.com/news.asp?newsID=2380

Nanotechnology Saves Renaissance Masterpieces, Mayan Wall Paintings, and Old Shipwrecks
http://www.nanowerk.com/spotlight/spotid=941.php

Internet Connects

Page 283

Earthquakes, floods, and other natural disasters often destroy the pipes that bring drinking water to a community. One of the risks to survivors is drinking contaminated water. How could you purify water in an emergency, using only energy from the Sun?

High-Tech Materials Purify Water with Sunlight
http://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/pressroom/newsreleases/2014/march/high-tech-materials-purify-water-with-sunlight.html
This site explains how some high and low tech can be used to purify water.

Can The Sun's Energy Be Used To Clean Water?

http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/green-science/sun-clean-water.htm
http://solarforemergencies.com/sfe/purewater.html
How a solar still can help purify water

Sunlight Not the Solution for Clean Water
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2009/08/090818-clean-water-sunlight/
A popular solution for clean water is examined in this web article.

Emergency Disinfection of Drinking Water
http://www.epa.gov/safewater/faq/emerg.html


Page 294
Aspirin™, basketballs, chewing gum, duct tape, eyeglass lenses, and fertilizer are some of the
products that are made from petrochemicals. Can you keep this alphabetical list going? Find
a petrochemical product for each letter of the alphabet.

Petrochemicals

http://www.afpm.org/WorkArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=3612
This PDF from American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers has a mind-blowing listing of petrochemical products.

A partial list of products made from petroleum
http://www.ranken-energy.com/Products%20from%20Petroleum.htm


Page 295
The hydromet (hydrometallurgical) process is used to separate desired substances such as nickel and copper from their ores at mining operations such as the Voisey’s Bay Project. How does this process work?

Hydromet Technology
http://www.vale.com/canada/EN/business/mining/nickel/vale-canada/long-harbour/Pages/Hydromet-Technology.aspx
Find out about the hydrometallurgical process here.

Internet Connect

Page 313
Find out more about Gilbert Hay and other artists who work with rocks and minerals.

Art Gallery of Newfoundland & Labrador
http://www.heritage.nf.ca/arts/agnl/hay.html
Find information about Gilbert Hay here.

Inuit Art Alive
http://www.inuitartalive.ca/index_e.php?p=166
Find information about Gilbert Hay here.

Inuit Art Zone

http://www.inuitartzone.com/carving_stones_s/81.htm
Learn about artists and the types of materials they use.


Page 344
Learn about the history of limestone production in our province in Chapter IV of Once Upon a Mine, the Story of Pre-Confederation Mines on the island of Newfoundland.

Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage
http://www.heritage.nf.ca/environment/mine/ch4p1.html
Read about limestone production, and more, in this online book about the mines of the island of Newfoundland before confederation.

Internet Connect

Page 358
Scientists have discovered an area on the seafloor where the mantle is exposed without a covering of crust. They have sent a submersible to take photographs of the area and drill into the olivine rock found there. You can find out more about the expedition.

Mission to Study Earth's Gaping 'Open Wound'

http://www.livescience.com/1317-mission-study-earth-gaping-open-wound.html
Read about the seafloor region where Earth’s mantle is exposed.

JC007: Drilling the Mid-Atlantic Ridge
http://www.classroomatsea.net/JC007/index.html
Use the links to find out about the mission to explore the exposed seafloor mantle.


Page 367
You can watch simulations of divergent, convergent, and transform boundaries on the Internet.

Exploring Earth
https://www.classzone.com/books/earth_science/terc/content/visualizations/es0804/es0804page01.cfm?chapter_no=visualization
View animations of plate-boundary motion

Plate Tectonics
https://ees.as.uky.edu/sites/default/files/elearning/module04swf.swf
Use the navigation buttons to explore plate movements in detail.

Plate Tectonics 1
http://www.visionlearning.com/library/module_viewer.php?mid=65&l=&c3

A Science Odyssey: You Try It: Plate Tectonics
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/tryit/tectonics/

Plate tectonic Movements
http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/visualization/collections/PTMovements.html
Plate movements are an example of incremental change, which is change that happens slowly. Where might the plates be in a million years? In a billion years? Find a simulation of plate movements predicted for the next four billion years.


Page 379
You can compare arrival times of seismic waves and locate the epicentre of earthquakes online.

Virtual Earthquake
http://www.sciencecourseware.com/virtualearthquake/vquakeexecute.html
Spend some time exploring earthquakes with this website.

Virtual Courseware: Earthquake
http://www.sciencecourseware.com/eec/Earthquake/

Putting Down Roots in Earthquake Country
http://www.earthquakecountry.info/roots/cover.html
The focus of this educational site is southern California.

Active Volcanoes: Surtsey, Iceland
http://www.vulkaner.no/v/volcan/surtsey_e.html
In November of 1963 the crew of a trawler noticed smoke from the ocean off the coast of Iceland. When they went to investigate, they discovered it was an underwater eruption. Within a few days the eruption had created an island. With continued eruptions, the island grew for the next four years. Find out more about the island of Surtsey.

The Surtsey Research Society
http://www.surtsey.is/index_eng.htm


Page 394
In Gros Morne National Park, geological features that usually lie deep underground are exposed at the surface. The park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site to preserve its unique geological landscape. Find out more about Gros Morne National Park.

Gros Morne National Park
http://www.newfoundlandlabrador.com/placestogo/grosmornenationalpark
Visit the region virtually with this provincial website.

UNESCO
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/419
View Gros Morne National Park as it seen through the eyes of the international community.


Page 397
The recent discoveries of Ediacaran fossils and other evidence of Precambrian life have led to some proposed changes to the geologic time scale. Find out more about the revised geologic time scale.

Ediacaran Period
http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/history_of_the_earth/Ediacaran
See the new Ediacaran period in the context of other geologic time periods.

The Ediacaran Period

http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/vendian/ediacaran.php
Read about the Ediacaran period here.

Geological Survey
http://www.nr.gov.nl.ca/mines&en/geosurvey/education/fossils.stm
Find out more about the fossils of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Internet Connect

Page 413
Find out why the province of Newfoundland and Labrador is sometimes called “Earth’s Geological Showcase.”

Johnson Geo Centre
http://www.geocentre.ca/
Visit the Johnson Geo Centre online.

The Johnson GEO CENTRE: Earth’s Geological Showcase
http://journals.hil.unb.ca/index.php/GC/article/view/12594/13475
This article can be read online or downloaded as a PDF.


Page 433
Desertification is happening in Canada as well as in other countries of the world. Find out
more about desertification in Canada.

Desertification Is Too Important For Canada To Ignore
http://www.davidsuzuki.org/blogs/science-matters/2013/04/desertification-is-too-important-for-canada-to-ignore/
Learn about Canada and desertification from the website of one of Canada’s premier environmental educators.

Canada Pulls Out of U.N. Body to Fight Desertification
http://www.ipsnews.net/2013/03/canada-pulls-out-of-u-n-body-to-fight-desertification/
Canada and desertification can be investigated here.